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Playing responsive games with babies and toddlers helps them grow and learn in a healthy way.


Do you desire your child to develop into a healthy, happy, intelligent, capable, and resilient adult? Engage them in play. Games that are lively and adapt as the child grows are ideal for infants and toddlers.

Why is play important in the early years of life?
The brain's neural network expands by more than a million connections in the first few years of life. Additionally, these neuronal connections are made more effective by pruning. These procedures actually contribute to the development of the brain and help mold how it works for the remainder of the child's life. This is influenced by biology, primarily genetics, but also by a child's upbringing and experiences.

With attentive care, babies and kids flourish. The Harvard Center on the Developing Child coined the phrase "serve and return" to characterize this situation. Back-and-forth exchanges in which the child and carer respond to and engage with each other in a caring, loving way are the foundation of a healthy brain and a content child who will have a higher likelihood of developing into a healthy, content, capable, and successful adult.



One of the best methods to provide responsive care is through play. To increase the advantages of playing:
  • Bring all of your focus. Put down the phone and avoid multitasking.
  • Being reciprocal The "serve and return" component is this. You want to encourage interaction between newborns and their carers, even when they are little. The goal is to incorporate responsiveness into the play; it doesn't have to be reciprocal in an equal sense—you might be speaking in complete phrases while your baby is only smiling or cooing.
  • Be aware of developmental milestones. Your child will be able to participate fully, and you will be able to support their growth at the same time.
Great infant games to play: 6 to 9 months
Parents can get some fantastic suggestions and handouts from the Center for the Developing Child about certain games to play with their kids at various ages.

Children as young as 6 months and 9 months are acquiring the basics of the language, including mimicry. Additionally, they are beginning to learn how to move and explore their surroundings.

For this age group, try some of these games:

Play patty-cake or peek-a-boo.

Play games where you hide toys under a blanket, then you must "discover" them, or you can let the baby do it.

Have back-and-forth conversations. The infant may only make the sounds "ma" or "ba." You can respond by making the same noise or by acting as though your child is speaking ("You are silent! Really? Explain further! ").

Play imitation games. For instance, if your kid sticks out their tongue, copy them. Older infants will be able to imitate sounds like clapping or hammering, and they will like it when adults replicate those sounds with them.

Sing along to songs featuring motions, such as "Itsy Bitsy Spider" or "Trot, Trot to Boston."

Play simple games with objects, like dumping them and saying "boom" or putting toys in a bucket and taking them out.

Collagen has recently gained popularity due to claims that it can slow the ageing process and keep people looking and feeling young. You've probably seen collagen products in the aisles for makeup, skin care, and vitamins. But what is it, and why does it have so many fans?

Collagen is the most abundant protein in our bodies. It is found in our skin, muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Collagen is a multi-amino acid protein composed of glycine, proline, hydroxyproline, and arginine. It is responsible for our skin's strength and flexibility.

As we get older, our bodies naturally make less collagen. This can cause wrinkles, skin that sags, and even pain in the joints. When we see these signs that our bodies aren't making as much collagen, many of us turn to products that contain collagen.



It can also come from the scales of fish or the shells of eggs. It is mostly made from the connective tissue of cows. Marine collagen is made by fish and other sea creatures. Collagen is made from animal waste by taking the connective tissue and grinding it into a fine powder.

After processing, collagen can be found in dietary supplements, lotions, and other cosmetics. It was first used in beauty products. When people saw results from using collagen in beauty products, it became popular as a supplement.

What is vegan collagen?

A vegan collagen is a cruelty-free option. Vegan collagen is still in its early phases of development and is frequently manufactured from a kind of yeast known as Pichia pastoris.

P. pastoris is the most efficient and widely used microorganism for the production of high-quality vegan collagen supplements.

It is hard to find a vegan collagen supplement right now. Most likely, you'll find a vegan collagen booster instead. Most vegan collagen supplements have words like "collagen boost" or "collagen builder" on the label. These boosters and builders have ingredients that help your body make more collagen on its own.

Even though vegan supplements that you take by mouth are harder to find, there are a lot of vegan collagen beauty products available. When looking for a vegan product, always check the label and list of ingredients to make sure it has a vegan certification and hasn't been tested on animals.

What is the cause of collagen loss?
Many things can speed up the loss of collagen in our bodies. Ageing causes us to lose collagen, but the environment and how we live our lives can also make us lose collagen.

Ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun damage the skin and, over time, make the skin less able to make collagen. One reason you should always wear sunscreen is because of this.

Collagen has an effect on our bones, too. As we get older, the collagen in our bones becomes less reliable, which makes our bones weaker.

Other lifestyle choices, like smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol, or eating too much added sugar or ultra-processed foods, can hurt collagen production and the body's ability to repair itself.

Collagen Production
Our bodies make collagen on their own. Even though vegans don't need collagen supplements, there doesn't seem to be any reason not to take them. Before adding to or changing your supplement routine, you should always talk to your doctor or nurse.

Increasing the amount of protein you eat may help your body make more collagen. Eating a variety of proteins throughout the day makes sure that your body gets the amino acids it needs to keep making collagen. Healthy adults should try to get at least 0.8 grammes of protein per kilogramme of body weight per day, or 36 grammes of protein per pound.

Consider adding these and other plant-based proteins to your vegan diet to meet your nutritional needs and help your body make collagen naturally:

Tofu
Nuts and Seeds from Quinoa
Legumes, all varieties
Beans, all varieties
Collagen Boosters
Collagen boosters are foods that help your body make more of its own collagen. When added to plant-based proteins, these boosters may help the body make more collagen. Even though more research needs to be done in this area, vitamin C, amino acids, copper, and antioxidants may help vegans build collagen.

Vitamin C
One of the most important things for making collagen is vitamin C. It helps connective tissue repair and heal. 3 It also helps protect cells from damage caused by free radicals because it is a powerful antioxidant. Our bodies cannot make vitamin C, so we must get it from our diet.

Vitamin C is a vitamin that dissolves in water and can be found in many fruits and vegetables. Some good vegan places to get vitamin C are:

Oranges
Peppers
Kale
Broccoli, Kiwi, Strawberries
Amino Acids

Collagen can also be made with the help of amino acids from plant-based proteins. Proteins in our bodies are made up of amino acids.

Collagen can't be made without proline, which is an amino acid. Soybeans, cabbage, and mushrooms all have proline in them. Another amino acid that helps the body make collagen is glycine. It can be found in pumpkin seeds, soybeans, and spirulina.

Copper is an important part of collagen because it helps make red blood cells, bones, and the fibres that hold tissues together. It can be found in beans, lentils, nuts, seeds, and dark leafy greens.

Antioxidants are all important for making collagen because they keep your cells healthy and protect them from damage caused by free radicals. Blueberries, goji berries, and acai berries are all good plant-based sources of antioxidants.

Lifesaving screening tests include Pap smears and blood pressure checks. They are able to detect diseases that you have no reason to think are present. Early identification may allow for the treatment of the disease while it is still treatable and before irreversible complications develop.

Some screening tests prevent the disease for which they were developed. For instance, colonoscopies and Pap smears can detect precancerous abnormalities that can be treated to prevent their growth and transformation into cancer. And each year in the United States, missed screening tests contribute to thousands of preventable deaths. A new study on Pap smears reveals that the benefits diminish after a certain point. And many of us might benefit from a greater grasp of the limitations of screening and how specialists determine when individuals should stop undergoing routine screening tests.

Even the most effective screening tests have limits. It is able to miss the disease it is designed to detect (false-negative results). Or, it may produce anomalous outcomes when no disease is present (false-positive results).

  

Importantly, as people age, both life expectancy and screening advantages tend to diminish. Numerous illnesses found by routine screenings, such as prostate cancer and cervical cancer, generally present problems only after a period of time. A person in their 80s is more likely to pass away from another deadly ailment than from cervical cancer or prostate cancer. Moreover, many diseases, such as cervical cancer, become less prevalent with age.

As a result, many screening tests are no longer suggested indefinitely. At some point in your life, your doctor may inform you that you no longer need to repeat a screening test, even if you've grown accustomed to it.


Looking after your health is one of the most important investments of your time. In the midst of the ongoing cost-of-living crisis, staying positive can feel tricky – and many Brits have been struggling with money worries on top of existing mental health issues. In fact, at least one in six people report having a mental health problem each week in England.


While it’s always best to seek professional advice if you’ve been struggling for a while, there are numerous proactive steps that could help you feel a little bit better on a day-to-day basis. From raking a gentle stroll to spending quality time with friends, small things can make a big difference.

How to improve and maintain your mental health

  • Look after your physical health first

Though it might be tricky to muster the motivation to exercise, there’s plenty of evidence to prove that moving your body carries an immense range of benefits for your overall well-being.

If you’ve been unfortunate enough to have an accident, it’s important to give your body the time and rest it needs to recover from a personal injury of any type.


People often say that pregnancy is a time of happiness and excitement, which is true for many people. It is hard to ignore the health risks and fears that can come up from some vulnerable patients getting a positive pregnancy test.

In the United States, just being pregnant poses serious short-term and long-term health risks, with the most serious pregnancy-related problems of any developed country, and about 700 people die every year as a result. This health problem affects women of color and low-income women the most. In fact, Black women are three times more likely to die from pregnancy-related complications than white women.

From a health point of view, what makes pregnancy extremely difficult?
Pregnancy is like a long-term stress test that puts a lot of strain on the body's systems and creates new health risks. It changes how the kidneys, lungs, and heart work. It also changes the immune system and the way the body uses energy by affecting many organs. It gets more blood to all parts of the body. People who already have high blood pressure, diabetes, or other health problems will be hurt more by this. Furthermore, pregnancy can aggravate mental health issues like depression and anxiety, exacerbating the symptoms.

Two health problems that are specific to pregnancy are:

Preeclampsia. This can lead to high blood pressure and damage to the kidneys, liver, and brain, among other organs. Just being pregnant puts more pressure on the heart and blood vessels. According to the Preeclampsia Foundation, having a preeclampsia pregnancy more than triples a person's lifetime risk of having a heart attack or stroke. Preeclampsia is more likely to happen if you are younger than 18 or older than 40, have an autoimmune disease (like lupus), already have high blood pressure, or had preeclampsia in a previous pregnancy.

Too much blood loss after birth (postpartum hemorrhage). Even though some things put people at a higher risk, any birth, even those with no problems, can cause a hemorrhage.

Most of the time, a person with health problems can still have a safe pregnancy. Still, if you already have a disease like heart disease or diabetes, you are more likely to have complications and die. More women are getting pregnant later in life, which makes it more likely that they already have heart disease. Large, multidisciplinary teams of health professionals are now often needed to care for pregnant women with complex cardiac needs or other health conditions. This wasn't always the case in the past.

Unintended pregnancy rates are high.
In the United States, almost half of all pregnancies are not planned. In some cases, this means that a pregnancy is wanted in the future, and in other cases, it means that a pregnancy is not wanted.

Why do so many people get pregnant when they don't want to? Nine out of ten sexually active women who don't want to get pregnant say they use some kind of birth control. Of course, not every method of birth control is very good. If you only use condoms, 13 out of 100 people will get pregnant in a year, while up to 23 out of 100 people will get pregnant if you also use other methods to figure out your fertility.


Replacement parts for the eyes must have seemed unthinkable in the past. Currently, if a cataract clouds the inner lens of the eye, a routine procedure to replace it with an artificial lens restores vision.

However, what happens if the outer lens of the eye (the cornea) is injured or infected? You can also have that replaced. "It's not as prevalent as cataract surgery, but around age 50, many people develop corneal disorders and may need a corneal transplant."

According to the Eye Bank Association of America, over 49,000 corneal transplants happened in the United States in 2021.

  

What exactly is the cornea?
The cornea is a clear tissue dome that covers the iris and pupil in the front of each eye. It acts as a windscreen to protect the delicate eye mechanism behind it and focuses light onto the retina, which sends impulses that the brain turns into images (your vision).

To focus and view well, a windscreen and camera lens are required. However, numerous things can go wrong within the cornea's five layers of tissue. This can make it difficult to see and hinder your ability to read, drive, work, and complete other daily tasks.

How does a corneal injury develop?
It may result from a variety of factors, including:

Accidental injuries, such as a fall: "Falls are a leading cause of patients presenting with acute eye damage." The cornea might be easily destroyed if it is poked.
Vision loss can be caused by serious corneal infections or genetic diseases such as Fuchs' endothelial dystrophy.
 
What treatment options exist for corneal damage?
Treatment for a cornea depends on the nature of the problem and the extent of the damage. It is a methodical technique. Occasionally, using specialized contact lenses or taking drugs helps reduce corneal swelling or scarring.

When corneal damage cannot be repaired, surgeons can replace one or a few layers (a partial-thickness transplant) or the entire cornea (a full-thickness transplant) (a full-thickness transplant).

The great majority of corneal transplants are obtained and processed by eye banks across the United States. In certain circumstances, such as when repeated transplants fail, an artificial cornea may be used. After corneal surgery, recovery can take up to a year.
Pregnancy risks

Psychedelic drugs are getting more and more attention from both doctors and patients because they have been shown to help people with conditions like depression that don't respond to treatment improve their mental health in a way that lasts. Microdosing psychedelic drugs like LSD or psilocybin means taking a small amount, called a "sub-perceptual dose," that is much lower than the amount you would take to "trip" or have hallucinations.

Many people agree that taking small amounts of psychedelics can improve your mood, creativity, focus, productivity, and ability to understand other people. Or could the benefits be a result of what people expect? This means that most people who take a pill every day with the firm belief that it will make them happier and smarter will feel happier and smarter, no matter what's in the pill.

The inability to define microdosing for any psychedelic substance in a single, universally accepted way makes it difficult to conduct consistent research. One definition is about 1/5 to 1/20 of a dose used for recreation. (This is true based on anecdotal evidence; a medium-strength dose of psilocybin is 2 to 3 grams of dried mushrooms, and a microdose is usually around 0.3 grams.) One problem is that mushrooms are not regulated outside of clinical trials, so their strength can vary a lot. This isn't an exact science. In the same way, LSD is a substance that can't be seen, smelled, or tasted. It usually comes in the form of a liquid or a piece of paper that can be put under the tongue.

Since it is illegal and not regulated, there is no good way to know how much you are taking unless you get it from a very trustworthy source. LSD is a very strong drug that stays in your body for a long time. You don't want to take more than you're supposed to. Also, psychedelics like psilocybin and LSD can cause physiological tolerance. This could mean that even if microdosing does help, staying at the same dose might not be as helpful.

Winter basics to help you save money on your electric bill

I am not having it with the electric bill; it keeps skyrocketing, and I am not even gonna lie, I am a bit worried. Previously, I was in Ukraine, where the heating bill is so affordable and it is always on all winter, but moving to the U.K., the difference is so much. Another thing I noticed about the UK is that the windows aren't properly insulated to prevent cold from entering the house. Where I used to live, the structure of houses was built to suit the winter period more.

But, well, life happens, and we all get to move and relocate; this is also what challenges us to think outside the box and create innovative solutions to problems.

Winter isn't my favorite season, but these winter essentials will not only keep you warm but also cut down on your heating bills.

To maintain health, our bodies must maintain a core temperature of 37 degrees Celsius, so rooms must be heated to a minimum of 18 degrees Celsius. Concerns exist, however, that individuals will be unable to use heating to keep themselves and their homes warm throughout the winter months as the cost of living continues to rise.

During the cold season, people get sick due to the cold while trying to save money, and I know how frustrating that can be, which is why in this article I will be discussing 5 winter essentials that will help reduce your electric bills.



There are numerous things you can do to keep your core body temperature stable without turning on the central heating for an extended period of time.

1. Always wear socks.



Socks are essential, but not many people will agree. When you're feeling cold, it's a regular thing to put on socks. Also, wearing socks has a good effect on the temperature of your feet, but why is this so? Given that socks only cover a small portion of your body, why do they have such an impact on the experience of being cold?

Socks keep us warm by regulating the temperature of our feet. Our feet are essential temperature sensors for our bodies, and wearing socks helps prevent heat from escaping from our feet. You can double the socks for a warmer effect.

On a cold day at home, wrap the paper around your toes for extra warmth. You can also walk around with this, but first experiment at home beforehand to ensure that you are comfortable while walking. Keeping your feet warm during the winter is essential not only for foot health and comfort but also for your entire health. According to foot specialists, cold feet can weaken the immune system and exacerbate some health disorders, such as diabetes.

2. A heated blanket.


I love the creativity of the heated blanket. An electric blanket is significantly less expensive to operate than a heater and provides a consistent source of heat throughout the night. Weighted blankets are also very relaxing and help to keep draughts out of the bed.

Double up on your bedding. You can spread a blanket over your mattress before putting a bedsheet over it.

Avoid bedding materials that make you feel cold. There are bedding materials that cannot retain heat. Buy your bedding according to the season and do a little research before purchasing.

3. Head warmer.



Head warmers, as their name suggests, are used to keep the head warm, especially in the winter. People have gotten a lot of use out of head warmers because, in the winter, it's important to keep all parts of your body warm.

4. Dress warmly.

As the seasons change, dress accordingly. When you arrive home from work, all you want to do is turn on the heater, remove your warm clothes, and put on a light indoor outfit in order to feel completely at ease. When you return, I recommend that you remove those heavy, warm outdoor clothes and replace them with lighter ones. Rest for approximately one hour before wearing your warm home clothes.

Pajamas made of insulating materials like fleece or flannel will help you sleep through the night without getting too cold.



A hooded Flannel Night Robe is a soft, comfortable, and soft winter robe that will keep you warm all winter. Perfect for sleeping at night and keeping warm all day long. There are different flannel nightrobes that are fashionable and colorful, so you don't have to worry about looking dull.

  

Onesies are warm and cozy. Wear them.


5. Indoor warm shoes.

When the body is more susceptible to seasonal coughs, colds, and viruses, keeping your feet warm in cold weather can also aid in maintaining your general health. Warmer feet dilate the blood vessels, allowing for more effective blood flow and assisting your body in redistributing heat throughout the body. As a result, you can sleep better, regain energy, and generally take better care of yourself to be comfortable, fit, and healthy.

This winter, wearing slip-on slippers around the house is an excellent method to care for your feet, retain heat, and keep your toes and feet toasty and cozy. There are slippers for every fashion style and personality, ranging from thick slipper socks with sticky soles to fleece-lined slipper boots with foot and ankle support.

6. Hot water bottle.

A hot water bottle is not expensive and long-lasting due to the material used in making it. They are a safe source of warmth throughout the night.

7. Eat well.

In general, longer-digesting foods might help boost body temperature and make you feel warmer. The medical word for this process is "thermogenesis," which refers to the body's production of heat as a result of food metabolism. Consider consuming foods that are rich in healthy fats, proteins, and carbohydrates.

Foods you can eat during the winter that will help you stay warm. Eat foods that can help boost your body temperature and make you feel warmer. Here are some healthy foods that can help you stay warm during the winter.

Avoid alcohol because whisky and other alcoholic beverages actually lower the core body temperature. You may initially feel warm, but it will be difficult to remain warm over time. Additionally, alcohol affects your capacity to shiver, which is a natural way to elevate body temperature. Avoid drinking alcohol at tailgates and other outdoor activities this winter to stay warm.

Small acts of self-care can go a long way toward reducing burnout and fatigue.

When you are drained, worn out, or looking ragged around the edges, it is difficult to care about anything. Due to demanding family obligations, a draining job, or financial difficulties, your once-flaming zeal may now appear more like burned rubble. Or maybe you feel like you have very little to give because of a disease, the uncertainties and upheavals of our time, or a combination of circumstances.

"Burnout is what you're going through." It can cause sadness, worry, strained relationships, and the inability to carry out daily tasks at home or at the office. It is genuine.

You can fill your cup again with time and effort, gradually reintroducing some of the vitality and joy you've been missing. Here are three ideas to get you started.

1. Set aside some time for yourself.
Self-care requires making time for oneself; it is not a luxury. You must slow down and give yourself time to rest and recharge. Schedule it if you have to, beginning with 10 or 15 minutes a couple of times a day.

In an extremely busy schedule, how can you recapture valuable minutes?

Be selective about how many commitments you say "yes" to within a given day, week, or month. Give yourself the right to refuse things that drain you or don't serve you.

Choose what helps you feel at peace in the little moments. Take a cup of tea, for instance, or just spread a blanket or mat on the floor at home or at the office and lie on your back. Don't check your email or phone. You need to order your body to rest. When you feel the pull of stress, it helps you reset and step back.

  

2. Determine to live a healthier life.
A powerful physique helps counterbalance the demanding circumstances that have led to your burnout. The fundamental elements of a healthy diet are:

Exercise. Exercise of moderate intensity, the kind that challenges the heart and lungs, releases vital hormones that aid in controlling mood, sleep, and many other functions. An ideal amount of weekly activity is 150 minutes, or 22 minutes each day. If it's all you can manage, start with just a few minutes per day. It can be any movement that makes you happy, like dancing, yoga, or fast walking; it doesn't have to be fancy.

a healthy diet The effects of chronic stress, weariness, sadness, and anxiety are fueled by eating a lot of junk food, which is often high in sugar, salt, and unhealthy saturated fat. Increase your intake of whole, unprocessed foods such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains, beans, lean proteins (such as fish or poultry), and unsaturated fats (such as avocados or olive oil). if you don't have much time. You can eat healthful foods multiple days a week. A good one-pot meal is a lentil or bean soup. As many vegetables, as you want.)

Sleep. Lack of sleep has an impact on mood, concentration, and general health. Sleep for seven to nine hours every night. It's beneficial to unwind an hour or two before going to bed. Additionally, follow proper sleep hygiene by putting your phone away, keeping your room cool and dark, and observing a consistent bedtime and wake-up time each day.
Chronic pain frequently varies throughout the day, and for some people, it gets worse at night. Why is this?


According to a recent survey, up to 50.2 million people in the US—one in five—experience chronic pain. These people typically have varying levels of pain throughout the day; occasionally, it gets better in the morning and worse in the afternoon, or the reverse.

But what occurs after sunset? Many people with chronic pain agree with some studies that suggest that chronic pain is worse at night.

What causes chronic pain?
Chronic pain is described as pain that persists for at least two to three months, frequently long after the initial injury or sickness has healed. The discomfort could possibly persist indefinitely. It can affect a single joint or muscle, or it can exclusively impact certain parts of the body, such as the neck and back. Diffuse, persistent pain may result from diseases like fibromyalgia or arthritis.

Chronic pain can range from a dull ache to pain that shoots, searing, stabs, or feels like an electric shock, as well as tingling and numbness.



Why does chronic pain sometimes get worse at night?
There are a number of reasons why pain may get worse at night. Hormones may play a significant role. The anti-inflammatory hormone cortisol is produced least frequently at night.

Additionally, recent studies have raised the possibility that pain may have a circadian rhythm similar to the 24-hour internal clock that governs our sleep-wake cycle. This helps to explain why some people frequently experience more pain at particular times, such as at night, according to Slawsby.

There is never a good time for chronic pain, but the night is particularly bad since it interferes with sleep. Lack of sleep impairs our capacity to control discomfort. And those who have chronic pain frequently experience sleep issues. The majority of patients who are diagnosed with insomnia, the most prevalent sleep disorder, experience chronic pain.

Sleep loss brought on by insomnia can boost the release of cytokines, which are involved in the body's inflammatory response and increase pain sensitivity.

Getting the rest you require if nighttime pain is a problem
Trying these methods may help you sleep better if nighttime pain has been keeping you awake.

Do a relaxing ritual before going to bed.
Photo by Matteo Milan: https://www.pexels.com/photo/shirtless-man-lying-in-bed-looking-through-window-14353713/

After a busy day, a relaxing transition can help your body and mind get ready for bed. Spend at least 20 minutes relaxing before bed to help the heart and breathing rates settle down, lower cortisol levels, and reduce the likelihood of flare-ups, advises Slawsby. Take a warm or cool shower, for instance.
You can protect your health by taking simple precautions before climatic emergencies.

The health of everyone is increasingly threatened by climate change. As emergency care practitioners in Australia and the United States, we and our international colleagues are already observing the effects of climate change on the patients we meet.

However, a greater number of us will experience climatic emergencies, such as flooding, fires, and severe weather. And when the time comes, we may all take proactive steps to safeguard our health. Here are some things to be aware of and take action on.

What impact is climate change having on health?
People are turning to emergency rooms as a result of a variety of climate-related health issues, including heat exhaustion and heat stroke, air pollution-related asthma, infectious diseases linked to flooding, and shifting biomes that cause ticks, mosquitoes, and other pests to relocate. Hurricanes, wildfires, tornadoes, and floods often make the news because of the physical and mental damage they cause.

Many people find themselves suddenly without access to their regular healthcare providers and pharmacies, sometimes for extended periods of time. Individuals with complicated medical conditions, children, the elderly, people with disabilities, members of marginalised groups, and residents of disadvantaged regions frequently bear the brunt of the costs of extreme weather.

For instance, a woman recently visited an emergency room in Adelaide, Australia, complaining of a headache, weariness, and nausea—all signs of heat exhaustion—on a day when the temperature reached 110 degrees Fahrenheit. She explained to the medical staff that she had just walked two hours in the heat to get food because she didn't have a car or transportation. The only way she had to get food for her family was to venture outside, despite the media's health cautions that day telling her to stay indoors where it was cool. Well-intentioned public health warnings do little to lower the risk of sickness during harsh weather for this woman and many others. Access to housing, transportation, and other socioeconomic variables that put people at risk of poor health outcomes must be addressed in order to achieve safe and equitable health outcomes.

Extreme weather is a factor in widespread problems with health and safety.
Extreme weather linked to climate change is increasingly resulting in sporadic access to medical care, which increases the risk of later sickness and death. Extreme weather can disrupt vital infrastructure, such as the electrical grid, making it impossible for people who depend on home medical equipment to use it. A dialysis centre or emergency department may close as a result, and care may be provided more slowly in institutions that remain open.

People who are displaced as a result of a fire or hurricane may find it difficult to access medical care or essential medications like insulin, dialysis, therapies for high blood pressure, and heart medications. Especially in people who already have heart failure, lung disease, or kidney disease, these things can make chronic conditions worse and even cause death.

Pexel photo

If you are thinking about getting a septic tank, there are several benefits to regular septic tank maintenance. It can prevent expensive repairs, reduce the risk of overflow, and keep the ground clean. Fortunately, taking care of a septic tank can be easy, but it is essential to understand the primary process.

Liquid waste flows out

When you have a septic system in your home, it's essential to ensure that everything that goes down the drain ends up in the septic tank and not the ground. Otherwise, you can run into problems. Regular septic tank maintenance by professionals from foothillsanitary.com can keep your system running smoothly and prevent unnecessary damage. If your septic system is not working correctly, it must be repaired immediately. Most septic tanks should be pumped at least once every two to three years. The pumping frequency will depend on your household's needs and the size of your septic tank.

Solid waste settles to the bottom

The purpose of a septic tank is to capture wastewater and allow it time to settle before discharging it into the ground. A septic tank allows heavier solids to settle to the bottom of the tank and enables bacteria to work on the lighter solids. Septic systems can last from fifteen to forty years if maintained properly. However, older systems, particularly those in poor soil, are more likely to fail. It is a good idea to inspect the septic tank every year. It would be best if you also ensured that the baffles are intact. If you don't, you may find that the sludge and scum layers have built up, which can cause an overflow.


The liver is an extraordinarily complicated and laborious organ. Detoxification activities and the metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins are the two tasks that receive the most attention. To ensure proper operation, the liver must be shielded from the constant barrage of hazardous substances created internally and ingested through food, water, and the environment.

  

What Are the benefits of Milk Thistle?
Numerous plants have positive impacts on liver function. The most spectacular research, however, has been conducted on milk thistle extracts (Silybum marianum). The majority of the health advantages of milk thistle extracts are attributable to the high concentration of silymarin, a complex of flavonoid chemicals that protect the liver from damage and promote detoxification processes.

Milk thistle extract can prevent liver damage and grow new, healthy liver cells to replace the damaged ones. And milk thistle benefits the liver more than any other organ. In addition, research indicates that milk thistle extract can help repair and regenerate kidney cells, resulting in a 25–30% increase in renal cell replication. The kidneys are an additional crucial component of detoxification.

In human clinical trials, milk thistle extracts (often standardized to contain 70% silymarin) have demonstrated numerous positive effects, many of which are related to enhancing liver function. When liver function improves, this organ is better able to do its job. As a result, improvements in blood sugar regulation, cholesterol, fat metabolism, and general health are observed.

  

How does Milk Thistle Extract Contribute to Detoxification?
One of the most important ways that milk thistle extract increases detoxifying processes is by reducing glutathione depletion. Levels of this important detoxification aid, an antioxidant, and a cellular defender are directly related to the liver's capacity to defend itself and eliminate toxic substances. In essence, the higher the glutathione concentration, the better the liver's potential to detoxify toxic substances.

When exposed to compounds that can harm the liver, such as alcohol, the glutathione content in the liver often decreases significantly. This glutathione deficiency makes liver cells susceptible to harm.

Not only does milk thistle extract prevent the depletion of glutathione caused by alcohol and other harmful substances, but it has also been proven to raise glutathione levels in the liver by up to 35% in individuals with normal liver function. The results of this study show that milk thistle extract can speed up detoxification by up to 35%, even in healthy people. This is because the amount of glutathione in the liver is linked to the liver's ability to detoxify.

  

What Does Research Suggest Regarding Milk Thistle Extract?
Numerous clinical studies have demonstrated that silymarin has good benefits for liver health regardless of the organ's stress or strain. Clinical and analytical evidence usually confirms the benefits. One early study, for instance, showed the benefits of silymarin for people exposed to harmful substances. 49 of 200 workers exposed to toxic toluene and/or xylene fumes for 5 to 20 years had abnormal liver function test findings and/or abnormal platelet or white blood cell counts in this study. Thirty sick employees were administered silymarin, while the remaining 19 were left untreated. The administration of milk thistle extract enhanced liver function measurements as well as platelet and white blood cell counts.

The fatty liver linked with obesity, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome can also be treated with milk thistle extract (abdominal obesity, elevated blood lipids, insulin resistance, etc.). In investigations of people with these illnesses, milk thistle extract improved liver function and, consequently, blood sugar and cholesterol metabolism. In addition to enhancing antioxidant indices (SOD, GPX, and TAC), milk thistle extract lowered an inflammatory marker (C-reactive protein). It has also been shown that milk thistle extract raises the levels of antioxidants in the blood of athletes.

Surgery for prostate cancer can have varying results: in some men, the disease never returns, while in others, it does. Doctors estimate the likelihood of recurrence by analyzing specific types of clinical data. For example, recurrence is more likely if a man's biopsy reveals an aggressive form of cancer. Extremely high or fast-rising levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) before surgery are also related to poorer results.

Researchers are working diligently to improve the techniques used to identify men who could benefit from additional treatment or monitoring. These risk-based classifications are aided by genetic tests and new types of medical imaging.

In December, researchers at Stanford University revealed promising results with a new imaging technique that highlights prostate cancers. The strategy employs a mildly radioactive tracer that searches the body for cancer cells. The intravenously administered tracer 68Ga-PSMA-11 binds specifically to a protein termed prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA). This protein is significantly more prevalent on the surface of prostate cancer cells than on normal prostate cells. On an imaging scan, tumors highlighted by 68Ga-PSMA-11 stand out like lit matches in a dark environment. PSMA scans are being utilized to diagnose early metastatic cancer, and the tracer can also be employed to transport chemotherapy medications directly into malignant tumors.

The recently announced 2023 American Diabetes Association Standards of Medical Care span nearly 300 pages and are fairly detailed. And considering the close connection between obesity and diabetes, weight loss is a key issue. What other changes have been important for the about 37 million Americans who have diabetes today?

Collaboration is essential for a lifestyle change.
There are no significant changes in this update, according to Dr. David M. Nathan, a professor at Harvard Medical School who co-authored and chaired past versions of these recommendations, which have been published annually for more than three decades. The majority of the typical lifestyle recommendations for treating diabetes are common sense: eat your vegetables, go outside and exercise, and get enough sleep.

Dr. Nathan, who oversees the Diabetes Center and the Clinical Research Center at Massachusetts General Hospital, notes a subtle shift in the counsel of the American Diabetes Association over the past five to ten years: an effort to make care for patients with diabetes more patient-centered. "This requires working with your doctor to develop a lifestyle and pharmaceutical plan that works for you," he explains. "Doctors do not instruct patients at the dinner table or bedside." They can assist you in making plans and decisions to effectively manage your diabetes, but you must be proactive.

Five lessons for diabetes maintenance
According to Dr. Nathan, people with type 2 diabetes, the most common form of the disease, should be aware of the five main takeaways from the guidelines:(Several of these guidelines also apply to people with type 1 diabetes, though they should consult their own doctors for specific recommendations.)

Strive for sound, consistent sleep. Experts have long acknowledged a connection between inadequate sleep and weight. Accumulating research suggests that sleep disturbances are also linked to diabetes risk. Dr. Nathan states that alterations in sleep habits can affect blood sugar regulation. Frequent reasons for disturbed sleep include obstructive sleep apnea, a dangerous disorder that involves recurrent, brief pauses in breathing throughout the night. Because it is more prevalent in adults with diabetes (especially those with obesity), anyone exhibiting the classic signs—loud snoring, snorts and gasps during sleep, and daytime tiredness despite a full night's rest—should be investigated. Ask your physician about a home sleep apnea test.



Don't "diet." Numerous trendy diets, including keto, paleo, intermittent fasting, and others, can aid in weight loss. However, the majority of people regain any weight lost once they stop following the program. According to Dr. Nathan, it is much more efficient to gradually adopt a healthy food pattern that you can maintain over time. The Mediterranean diet and the closely related DASH diet are viable options. It is especially crucial for those with diabetes to avoid sodas and other sugary drinks. In addition to eating fewer desserts, sweets, and fatty foods, you should consume more high-fiber carbohydrates, such as whole-wheat bread and brown rice.

Workout safely. Walking is a good form of exercise for the majority of people, provided they begin slowly and gradually increase their distance and speed. People with diabetes must pay special attention to selecting shoes that fit properly and periodically inspect their feet for redness, blisters, and ulcers. Because diabetes can induce neuropathy (numbness due to nerve loss), you may be unable to feel small injuries and trauma to your toes and feet. These conditions can lead to more severe foot issues and amputations.
Black girl running

One of the routines I find very difficult to restart is my exercise routine. The importance of exercise to our overall health cannot be overemphasized.

I haven't exercised for a while, and it has been very difficult for me. When I started trying to start exercising again, I ran, and I felt so much pain and exhaustion that I wasn't able to reach my set goal for the day. I ended up feeling so weak that I wish I could just take a cab home. I slowed down and walked home.
 
When you want to start running, this is a habit you need to put in place first, which will help you get set for your new routine. Whether you are beginning to run or attempting to rediscover your love for it, the initial step is typically the most challenging. When you commit, however, running offers both physical and mental advantages. Running increases longevity by preventing osteoporosis, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. Additionally, it can enhance brain function and increase the size of the hippocampus, the region of the brain responsible for verbal memory and learning.



How to begin running

A month before you start you need to set your eating habits straight and eat healthily. This will help your body to build up its strength.

Walking is the best way to begin running. Walking develops the muscles and tendons so that they can withstand the force of running. Do not rush: it should take around two weeks to build up to 30 minutes of vigorous walking, done two to four times per week. Then, move to run-walk intervals, alternating five minutes of running with one minute of walking. For the duration of three weeks, commit to running for 30 minutes, no less than four times per week.

"Patience is the best trait of a beginner runner." "Too rapid an increase in time or speed can lead to dissatisfaction or exercise-related injury [fast running places increased stress on the musculoskeletal system - ligaments, tendons, and other connective tissues], so focus on endurance before speed."

How do you maintain motivation?
"Begin by keeping things really simple," and establish a goal that you can achieve and cannot fail at. Choose a reasonable number of times per week that you believe you can run, then stick to it for four weeks to allow your body to adapt. Three times every week for four weeks equals 12 runs. When you reach 12 ticks, give yourself a physical treatment to serve as a constant reminder of your success.

What is the proper running technique?
Good posture reduces stress and impacts the joints, lowering the chance of injury and enhancing performance, allowing you to run for longer with less effort. Maintain an elevated chest and lowered shoulders while running. Your feet should land behind your hips, aligning your body from head to toe in a straight line. Avoid forward tilting from the waist, which can strain the lower back, and keep your hands open to avoid extra tension. Since running is a forward motion, it is inefficient to swing your arms across your body; instead, tuck your elbows into your waist so that your arms go forward and back. Lastly, pay attention to how your feet fall. If they sound heavy, try landing softer.

  

How can I avoid injuries when running?
Complement your running with additional workouts.
"Pilates generally increases core strength; spinning is good for stamina; and swimming stretches tired muscles." "To continue jogging without pain, focus on your glutes and lower abdominals." Both of these muscles are responsible for your running posture. When your glute muscles are functioning optimally, you will run faster, and your lower limbs will move effectively and safely. "The lower abdominals maintain the right alignment of the hips and pelvis to prevent excessive strain on the lower back." Squats will help you avoid ankle difficulties and knee pain, which are frequently caused by weak glutes.

Muscle soothers


Damar Hamlin, a safety for the Buffalo Bills, collapsed on the football field after taking a strong blow to the chest, prompting emergency personnel to provide cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to try restarting his heart.

Receiving even a streamlined, hands-only version of CPR when a heart stops beating (cardiac arrest) can at least double a person's chances of surviving. However, only about half of those who have a cardiac arrest outside of a hospital receive CPR from a bystander. And, because four out of every five cardiac arrests occur at home, the life you might save with CPR is more likely to be that of a loved one or someone you know rather than a stranger. Here are the CPR fundamentals for adults:

Understand two basic characteristics of cardiac arrest.

How do you know if someone is experiencing a heart attack? The following are two distinguishing features:

There is no response. There is no reaction if you say loudly, "Are you okay?" and shake someone's shoulders roughly.

Breathing abnormally. Check to see if their chest is going up and down, or put your face close to their nose and mouth to hear if they are breathing normally. The brain cannot receive enough oxygen from labored, erratic breathing, such as gasping or snorting.

Understand how to perform hands-only CPR.

First, dial 911—or, better yet, instruct someone nearby to dial 911. Put the phone on speaker so that you can begin CPR while waiting for instructions from the emergency operator.

Place the heel of one hand on the person's chest, directly over the breastbone and between the nipples. Place the heel of your other hand on top. Lace your top hand's fingers through the fingers of your bottom hand.

Push down while maintaining your arms straight and your shoulders precisely above your hands. Push hard: compress the chest by at least two inches with your body weight.

Repeat the compressions several times, aiming for 100 to 120 pushes per minute.

Prune

Contrary to what people have always thought, a recent study shows that drinking prune juice actually helps with constipation.

Researchers recruited 84 individuals with chronic constipation, defined as fewer than three bowel movements per week or hard stools for the previous three months. The participants consumed 200 grammes (about 1 cup) of prune juice or a placebo drink with a similar taste every day for eight weeks.

After only three weeks, those consuming prune juice reported fewer instances of hard, lumpy stools than those consuming the placebo. After seven weeks, most had regular bowel movements. An increased risk of diarrhoea and flatulence has previously been cited as a disadvantage of prune juice, but the participants in this study reported no such issues.

Everyone gets a fever now and then, but when does an elevated temperature require medical attention?

True, fevers are extremely common, and COVID-19 certainly brought its fair share of high-temperature days to those infected. Fever, like COVID, is your immune system's response to an infection or other invader. It is defined as a temperature of 100.4 °F or higher. Your elevated temperature is a clear indication that something is wrong.

Most fevers will go away if you take an over-the-counter fever reducer like acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil). If yours does not, speak with your doctor.

A fever that is too high is determined by a number of other factors. If you're over the age of 65 or immunocompromised, especially if you've been exposed to COVID-19, call your doctor if your fever rises above 101°. Anyone with a fever of 103°F or higher should take the same precautions. If your temperature rises above 105°F, go to the nearest emergency room.

Pexel photo


A Quick Overview of Traditional Chinese Medicine

The Shang Dynasty, around the 16th century BC, was a time of shamanism, and this is when early Chinese medicine first emerged. It was essentially demonic, attributing ailments to the occult forces of deities and ancestors.

Chinese culture grew and developed during the Zhou dynasty's Spring and Autumn Periods (770–446 BC). Notable philosophers and poets of the time included Confucius, Lao-Tzu, Mo Ti, and Tao Chien. Philosophy and science combined at this time to explain the illness in terms of the world's natural occurrences. The "Hundred Schools of Thought" refers to the numerous philosophies and schools of thought that emerged during this period. Taoism and Confucianism are two of them.

During the Zhou dynasty, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) underwent modernization and systematization. During this period, the Yin and Yang Theory, the Five Element Theory, and other fundamental theories that form the basis of TCM were developed.

The Huáng Dè Nèi Jing, also known as The Yellow Emperor's Classic of Internal Medicine, is the earliest Chinese medical text on the theoretical system of medicine of TCM. It was created in the first or second century B.C.

By the third century, other works were probably assembled and written, including the Shén Nóng Bn Co Jng (Divine Husbandman's Classic of Materia Medica), Shng Hán Lùn (Discussion of Cold Damage), and Jn Gu Yào Lüè (Essentials from the Golden Cabinet). These and other well-known classical Chinese medical texts are still taught in colleges around the world that teach TCM.

The eight branches of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) are acupuncture, herbal medicine, nutrition, bodywork (Tui Na, cupping, and moxibustion), meditation, Tai Qi/Qi Gong (exercise), Feng Shui, and cosmology. TCM is a comprehensive system of medicine. TCM observes how the laws of natural order govern human health and disease by looking at the natural world.

According to TCM, disease patterns can develop in the body, organs, and meridians in a variety of ways. The disease develops if the organs and meridians that carry the "energy" or "Qi" are stagnant, insufficient, or overactive. The TCM doctor uses different ways to diagnose to come up with a diagnosis, a prescription, and a treatment plan for the patient that includes all of TCM's branches.

Chinese herbal medicine is said to have originated with the Chinese farmer Shén Nóng. Shén Nóng created the plough and cart around 6000 years ago, and it appears that he accidentally discovered tea at the same time. The story goes that he put together a book called The Divine Husbandman's Classic of Materia Medica, or Shén Nóng Bn C Jng, which is now known as The Divine Husbandman's Classic of Materia Medica.

The benefits of Fo-Ti (Hé Shu W) include support for the immune system, healthy hair, and more.

Fo-Ti: What Is It?
Fo-ti, one of the most widely used traditional Chinese medicines, is found in a variety of formulations and prescriptions. It has been used in China for many years to treat a number of ailments frequently linked to aging. Many of the hundreds of prescription drugs that contain fo-ti are patented.

Polygonum multiflorum is the scientific name for this traditional Chinese herb. Additionally, it goes by the names fleece flower root, flowery knotweed root, and Hé Shu W in Chinese. It first appeared in the 10th-century book Materia Medica by R. Huá-Z.

Many regions of China and Japan cultivate this plant. Fo-ti is a plant that grows between 200 and 3000 meters above sea level in forests, valley shrubs, and rock crevices. It is a quick-growing vine that has only recently begun to spread throughout the West.

Fo-ti is typically consumed either raw or in its prepared (steamed or stewed) form. When used in these different forms, it has different reactions and indications.

Differences between Raw and Prepared Fo-Ti
Herbal flavors are connected to various qualities in TCM. Zhé Shu W, or prepared fo-ti, has a mildly warm, sweet, bitter, and astringent flavor. The liver and kidney organs and meridians are the primary targets of its therapeutic effects.

The herb fo-ti is regarded as nourishing. It preserves the essence and feeds the yin and blood. When there is a pattern of yin or blood deficiency and symptoms include vertigo, tinnitus, early greying of the hair, soreness in the back or knees, blurred vision, insomnia, and constipation, fo-ti is used. Bones, ligaments, and tendons are strengthened by fo-ti.

Fo-ti, also known as Shng Hé Shu W, is available in raw, unprocessed form and has a variety of flavors. It enters the channels of the liver, heart, and large intestine. In addition to treating malarial disorders, it moistens the intestines, eliminates toxicity, and lessens sores, boils, abscesses, goiter, and scrofula (a condition that causes tuberculosis). The stalk and leaves are used to treat itching and various skin conditions, as well as insomnia. The raw form of Fo-ti is used in TCM to treat toxicity and fire.

The benefits of prepared fo-ti, or Zh Hé Shu W, are the main topic of this article.

The Fo-Ti Hair Health Legend
The literal translation of Fo-Chinese Ti's name, Hé Shu W, is "Hé's Black Hair." According to an ancient legend, General Hé was found guilty of a serious crime and sentenced to death in a solitary underground cell without access to food or water.

His executioners went back to his cell after a year of imprisonment to remove his remains for burial. They were shocked to discover that General Hé had not only survived but had also recovered. Even his hair had returned to its usual dark shade. Without access to food or water, General Hé was compelled to subsist solely on a vine-like herb that grew in the cracks of his cell. The herb was given the name "Hé Shu W" in honor of General Hé's resilience and physical renewal.

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No content on this site, regardless of date, should be used to replace direct medical advice from your doctor or another trained practitioner.
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