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Clay addiction can cause infertility

Firstly, I would like to say that most people draw conclusions about this topic from unexperimented and proven facts, which are based on some cultural beliefs that were never checked and have never been proven right.

Today, I will answer this question, which is one of the questions I get asked frequently. As a doctor, when analysing factors, you cannot leave out the contents. So, we will start by analysing the properties of Nzu.



Please keep in mind that Nzu is clay. So, what is clay?

Clay minerals (hydrous aluminium phyllosilicates, such as kaolin, Al2Si2O5(OH)4) are found in fine-grained natural soil material called clay.

Clays become plastic when wet due to a molecular film of water surrounding the clay particles, but they become hard, brittle, and non-plastic when dried or fired.

Although most pure clay minerals are white or light in colour, natural clays can have a wide range of colours due to impurities, such as a reddish or brownish colour from trace amounts of iron oxide.

Clay is the world's oldest ceramic material. Prehistoric humans discovered clay's useful properties and used it to make pottery. The first known writing medium was clay tablets, and some of the earliest pottery shards date back to around 14,000 BC. Clay (Nzu) is used in a wide range of modern industrial processes, including paper manufacturing, cement manufacturing, and chemical filtering. One-half to two-thirds of the world's population lives or works in buildings that use clay as a load-bearing structure, often baked into brick.

There are three types of clay: kaolinite, montmorillonite-smectite, and illite. Chlorite, vermiculite, talc, and pyrophyllite are also clay minerals. In these categories, there are about 30 different types of "pure" clays, but most "natural" clay deposits are a mix of these different types, as well as other weathered minerals. Rather than chemical or physical tests, X-ray diffraction is the most effective method for identifying clay minerals in clays.

What is the composition of clay?

Clay has high levels of iron, alkali metals, or alkaline earths. Aluminum hydrous-layer silicates, with magnesium and iron aluminosilicates present on occasion.

Alkali metals (lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, and cesium. Caustic metal oxides are formed when alkali metals react with air. When exposed to air at room temperature, the heavier alkali metals (rubidium and cesium) will spontaneously ignite.

Heat, hydrogen gas, and the corresponding metal hydroxide are produced when alkali metals react with water. The heat generated by this reaction has the potential to ignite the hydrogen or the metal itself, resulting in a fire or explosion. The heavier alkali metals will react with water more violently.

Alkaline earth are di-valent cations. Calcium and magnesium are common in ground water caused by water percolating through deposits of calcium and magnesium-containing minerals such as limestone, chalk, and dolomite. Ref: here.

Aluminum hydrous-layer silicates: Both internally and externally, aluminium silicate can cause an allergic reaction. The compound irritates the skin when applied as a powder.

Both internally and externally, aluminium silicate can cause an allergic reaction. The compound irritates the skin when applied as a powder.

While no studies on internal consumption have been conducted, it is safe to assume that eating this powder can cause gastrointestinal distress. Keep in mind that aluminium silicate is used to keep materials from burning. It is not something you want inside of you. If you consume it, you will almost certainly vomit or need to go to the bathroom. Under no circumstances should you consume the powder. RefNaturalpedia.

Clay minerals are primarily composed of silica, alumina or magnesia or both, and water, but iron substitutes for aluminium and magnesium to varying degrees, and significant amounts of potassium, sodium, and calcium are also present.

There are 6 types of clay minerals: (1) kaolin-serpentine (kaolinite, halloysite, lizardite, chrysotile), (2) pyrophyllite-talc, (3) mica (illite, glauconite, celadonite), (4) vermiculite, (5) smectite (montmorillonite, nontronite, saponite), (6) chlorite (sudoite, clinochlore. These groups' information and structural diagrams are provided here.

You Need to Know That Radiation Therapy Elevates Risks for Future Cancers.

Although the risk is low, you should discuss it with your doctor.


Radiation is a standard treatment for localised prostate cancer, which refers to prostate cancer that is confined to the prostate gland. The long-term results for the majority of men treated in this manner are favourable. Radiation, like other cancer treatments, carries certain risks, including the potential for secondary cancers to develop in the body in the future.

Secondary cancers are characterised by meeting specific criteria:

They differ from the initial cancer a patient was treated for.

they are found in the irradiated area

They were not present prior to the start of radiation treatment

They manifest at least four years after the completion of treatment.

Historical evidence indicates that secondary cancers are uncommon. This conclusion has now been updated by a sizable study of men who received radiation therapy using modern radiation delivery methods.

Study findings and data

Between 2000 and 2015, researchers analysed data from 143,886 men treated for localised prostate cancer at Veterans Affairs medical facilities. The men ranged in age from 60 to 71 and were of various racial and ethnic backgrounds. 52,886 of them received radiation therapy within a year of their diagnosis. The remaining 91,000 men either opted for surgery over a comparable period of time or chose to have their cancers monitored and treated only when — or if — routine exams revealed progression.

After a median of nine years of follow-up, 3% of the men who were treated with radiation developed secondary cancers, compared to 2.5% of the men who chose other treatment options. In order of frequency of detection, the four most prevalent cancers were bladder cancer, leukaemia, lymphoma, and rectal cancer. The risk of developing these secondary cancers steadily increased over time, reaching a maximum five to six years after radiation therapy was completed.

Dr. Oliver Sartor, an oncologist at Tulane University School of Medicine in New Orleans who was not involved in the study, says men should discuss the possibility of secondary cancers with their physicians when evaluating treatment options.

Researchers have identified a viable new treatment option for individuals whose PSA levels rise after radical prostatectomy.

Promising treatment if PSA increases after prostatectomy

Numerous men who undergo radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer live their entire lives without a recurrence of the disease. Twenty to forty per cent of them will suffer an increase in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) values within ten years of surgery. If the prostate has been removed, PSA levels in the blood should be undetectable, indicating that cancer may have returned. This is known as a biochemical relapse, and it is often treated with radiation to the prostate bed, where the prostate resided prior to its removal. This type of treatment, known as pelvic bed radiation therapy or PBRT, is frequently successful in reducing PSA levels to zero for years.

Now, a comprehensive study demonstrates that PBRT is even more beneficial when paired with other therapies. Men who experience a biochemical recurrence following radical prostatectomy may benefit from these findings.

Funded by the National Cancer Institute, almost 300 medical centres in the United States, Canada, and Israel participated in the SPPORT phase 3 clinical trial. Between 2008 and 2015, a total of 1,797 men with post-surgical PSA values between 1 and 2 nanograms per millilitre (ng/mL) were included.

Men’s Health Nutritional Tips 

When it comes to nutrition, we all need the same things: food that gives us energy as well as vitamins and minerals. However, a healthy diet varies based on age and gender.
 
Men have a greater metabolism, more muscle mass, and a larger stature than women. As a result, compared to women, we require more calories and fibre throughout the day, as well as higher levels of some vital vitamins and minerals. Men have unique dietary requirements, such as maintaining adequate testosterone levels.
 
Before you go into particular nutrient recommendations, be sure your total calorie intake is under control. Men have larger calorie requirements than women, ranging from 2,220 to 3,000 calories per day on average. You may require more or fewer calories than this average, depending on your objectives.


Aim for 45–65 per cent of your total calories to come from carbohydrates, 10–35 per cent from protein to help maintain muscle mass, and the remaining 20–35 percent from fat to keep you satisfied.

Your calorie requirements will differ depending on your age, height, weight, degree of exercise, and gender. Because males have a faster metabolism than females, knowing your appropriate calorie intake is crucial. 

Let's take a closer look at some of the most important nutrients for males so you can create a diet that keeps you healthy and happy.

Eat protein
For the average adult male, the current daily recommended intake (DRI) of protein is 0.8 grams per kilogram of body weight.
1 This suggestion, however, may be too low for guys who exercise regularly.

Consuming 20 to 40 grams of high-quality protein every three to four hours is sufficient, according to the International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN), and helps promote muscle protein synthesis, healthy body composition, and gym performance.

"Well, what exactly is a 'high-quality' protein source?" you might wonder. All nine necessary amino acids are present in sufficient amounts in high-quality protein sources. "Complete proteins" is another name for them. Although most complete proteins come from animal sources, some plant-based proteins, such as soy and quinoa, do contain all essential amino acids. 

Although whey protein products are often lactose-free, egg white protein or soy are excellent complete protein alternatives if you have a dairy allergy. If you're a vegan, seek soy-based protein powders or products that contain a blend of plant-based proteins, such as rice, pea, hemp, and chia seed, rather than a protein source that simply contains one of these ingredients.

Protein powders and bars are convenient to have on hand to ensure you receive enough protein, whether you're attempting to gain, decrease, or maintain your current weight.

Dietary fibre
The majority of us do not consume enough fibre on a regular basis. In fact, 97 per cent of men do not consume the recommended daily fibre intake of 28 to 34 grams.

There are two kinds of fibre to eat: soluble fibre and insoluble fiber.
 
Soluble fiber aids in the reduction of cholesterol and the control of blood sugar levels. Oats, beans, peas, barley, and apples are all good sources of soluble fiber.
Insoluble fibre improves intestinal health. Wheat bran, almonds, and vegetables, including cauliflower, green beans, and potatoes, contain insoluble fiber.
Dietary fiber is abundant in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. A high-fiber diet can aid with gastrointestinal motility, inflammation reduction, and heart disease prevention.

To gain the benefits of a high-fibre diet, try to include plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains in your daily diet. Consider taking a fibre supplement if you're having difficulties getting enough fibre from whole meals.

Fertility problems affect an estimated 60–80 million couples worldwide, with male fertility problems accounting for roughly 40% of cases. Fertility difficulty is defined as a man's inability to conceive after one year of unprotected sex with a fertile woman. Male fertility issues can be caused by a variety of factors, including sperm quality or a lack of libido.

Low sperm count or sperm motility are examples of sperm quality factors. Sexual dysfunction, such as erectile or ejaculatory dysfunction, and endocrinological reasons, such as low testosterone, are libido factors that contribute to male fertility issues.

Male fertility issues are usually unique to each individual, so keep in mind that not all men will benefit from the same lifestyle change. In this article, we'll look at seven natural ways to boost male fertility and improve overall male health.



1. Zinc
Zinc is found all over the body and aids the immune system in fighting infections. It's also required for the production of proteins and deoxynucleic acid (DNA), the genetic material found in all of our cells and that is handed on to offspring. Zinc supplementation may aid in the protection of genetic material in developing sperm. Reduced zinc levels have been linked to sperm's ability to fertilize an egg, according to the Human Reproduction Update Journal. Supplementing with 200 mg of zinc sulfate for three months increased sperm motility, percentage, and volume in both fertile and infertile men, according to a study published in the BioMed Central Urology journal.

Men require approximately 11 milligrams of zinc per day in their diet. It's an excellent mineral to combine with calcium or magnesium. Consider supplementing your diet with zinc if you have chronic gastrointestinal conditions, are vegetarian, or have blood disorders, especially if you and your partner are trying to conceive.

2. Vitamin C and E
Vitamin C is a necessary vitamin for the body because it is required for the production of collagen, the structural protein that holds our bodies together. Semen contains high concentrations of vitamin C. It can act as an antioxidant and prevent DNA damage from reactive oxygen species (ROS), or free radicals, in addition to being a cofactor in collagen synthesis. When our bodies consume foods to create energy or when sperm develop in the male testes, free radicals are formed. Excessive ROS can cause cellular damage in developing sperm, particularly in the mitochondria, the sperm's powerhouse. Free radicals may also damage the fatty acids that make up the sperm's protective membrane, exposing the genetic material it carries to the environment and causing DNA damage before it can fertilize an egg.

Another vitamin that helps to neutralize free radicals and protect cell membranes from reactive oxygen species damage is vitamin E. It also aids in the dilation of blood vessels, which is necessary for maintaining an erection while trying to conceive. Sperm with higher rates of DNA damage resulted in decreased fertility rates in people undergoing in vitro fertilization, or IVF. When undergoing IVF, supplementing with 1 g of Vitamin E and C improved egg fertilization and reduced sperm DNA damage. Finally, supplementing with 400 IU of Vitamin E for 100 days may help with sperm motility and morphology in men.

We're keeping an eye on this research.



A recent study shows that middle-aged men who worry or feel anxious a lot are more likely to have problems that make them more likely to get heart disease as they get older than their friends who don't worry as much.

  

The study, which began in 1975, comprised 1,561 men without cardiac disease with an average age of 53. All of the males took tests to see how worried they were and how neurotic they were, a personality trait linked to feelings of dread, grief, and rage. Researchers collected data on the men's risk of cardiometabolic disease (which includes heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes) every three to five years until they died or dropped out. Blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides, blood sugar, BMI, and a blood marker of inflammation were all measured.
I'm in a new sexual relationship and am surprised that I have premature ejaculation at the age of 63. My partner is accommodating, but it bothers me. What could be of assistance?

A. In older men, premature ejaculation is common, especially when starting a new relationship. Premature ejaculation can occur in men with erectile dysfunction (ED), who have difficulty getting and maintaining an erection. It's wonderful that your partner is so understanding, and it's in your best interests to be open about the problem and discuss your options together.

Premature ejaculation is defined as uncontrolled and unwanted ejaculation within a minute or less of penetration. This definition is too restrictive. Men must, of course, be realistic about their expectations for staying power. But a man should see his doctor if he keeps ejaculating before he wants to and it makes him feel bad.



However, there are two techniques that you and your partner can try right away that may be beneficial. The methods are known as "stop-start" and "stop-squeeze."

With a stop-start, you begin sexual intercourse and continue until you are close to orgasm. You stop all sexual activity until the feeling goes away, at which point you can start again.
Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer can spread over time, and if a man's tumor has characteristics that indicate slow growth, he can choose active surveillance over immediate treatment. Men on active surveillance receive routine PSA blood tests and prostate biopsies and are only treated if cancer progresses or shows signs of increasing activity. However, when it comes to treatment, up to one-third of men opt-out. A new study has found that some of these men can safely put off treatment for a while.

 
The University of California, San Francisco researchers identified 531 men whose cancers progressed while they were under active surveillance. All of the men were initially diagnosed with Grade Group 1 prostate cancer, the lowest rung on a classification system that ranks cancers from low to high risk of aggressive spread. The biopsies of the men's tumors showed that they had moved into higher-risk grade groups, which are usually treated within an average of 25 months.
 
Within six months of their tumour upgrade, 192 men underwent prostate removal surgery. However, 125 men waited up to five years before having the operation, and 214 men chose not to be treated at all.
 

Embryo donation, which is when a family donates their "spare" embryos to a couple or an individual, is a realistic option for becoming a parent. 
 
So, who's on the receiving end of this? This option appeals to people who are considering adoption as well as individuals or couples who require donated eggs, sperm, or both in order to conceive. Check out the following questions and problems if you fall into one of these groups.
 
 
A few topics to consider when deciding between embryo donation and adoption pregnancy. Some prospective adoptive parents pursue embryo donation because they want to experience pregnancy. This could be crucial for you. It could be a life event you've always wanted to have or one you've always wanted to share with a spouse or partner. Perhaps you're worried about having your kid carried by someone else. For example, prospective adoptive parents are frequently concerned that a birth mother's drug and alcohol use, as well as exposure to inescapable circumstances, may have an impact on their future child before birth.
 
timetable and budget. The epidemic exacerbated already steep drops in the number of newborns available for adoption. If you want to adopt a newborn, you'll probably have to wait two years or more. Embryos, on the other hand, are easy to get, and most embryo transfers happen within six months of deciding to get donated embryos.
 
Embryo donation is significantly less expensive than adoption. There will be a price, as well as costs involved with moving embryos from one facility to another and (depending on your medical insurance) costs associated with drugs and the embryo transfer if you go through an agency. While prices are significant and vary across the United States, fees for baby adoption are significantly greater than those for embryo donation.
 
When comparing embryo donation to adoption, the shorter wait time and lower fees are appealing, but it's crucial to remember that embryo donation may not always result in a live birth, whereas adoption—through a reputable agency—will bring a baby into your house.

What Is Acute Prostatitis


In men, the prostate is a walnut-sized gland located beneath the bladder. This gland produces a fluid that when combined with sperm forms semen. Because the prostate surrounds the urethra (the tube that transports pee from the bladder to the outside of the body), diseases that cause the prostate to expand or enlarge may press on the urethra, causing pain or difficulty urinating.



Prostatitis is an inflammatory condition that affects the prostate gland. Acute prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate gland that manifests itself suddenly. Acute prostatitis is caused by an infection, most commonly by bacteria that migrate up the urethra and into the prostate. Several of these bacteria are common pathogens found on and inside the human body. Other infections are spread sexually.

Prostatitis affects the majority of men who have a normal prostate gland, although the infection may be more prevalent in older men as the gland grows larger with age. Prostatitis and prostate cancer are not known to be associated.

Symptoms


Acute prostatitis is characterized by the following symptoms:

Urination causes burning or dribbling.
Having difficulty initiating the urine stream or being completely unable to pass urine at all.
Urine that is cloudy or contains blood.
Pain in or around the penis, in or around the scrotum, in the back, or in the rectum.
Chills and fever.
Symptoms are similar to the flu, such as muscular aches and general weakness.

Diagnosis


Your doctor will gently insert a finger into your rectum to examine your prostate. Generally, when the prostate is infected, it feels swollen. When slight pressure is applied to the gland, you may feel pain or have a strong urge to urinate. Additionally, your doctor will perform a general exam to determine whether the infection has migrated to other organs, such as the kidneys.

A urine specimen will then be examined for signs of infection, such as white blood cells and bacteria. Urine will typically contain white blood cells in a typical case of acute prostatitis. Additionally, blood tests may be performed to determine your kidney function and blood cell count. If your doctor suspects that your swollen prostate is causing urinary obstruction, he or she may perform an ultrasound or computed tomography (CT) scan.

Exercise may help reduce the progression of prostate cancer.



Men who are on active surveillance for prostate cancer may benefit from high-intensity interval training (HIIT). The researchers assigned 52 men (average age 63) to either a 12-week supervised treadmill HIIT program or to their usual exercise routine that did not involve high-intensity exercise.


HIIT involves performing a brief burst of activity at a near-maximum effort followed by a brief recovery time. After that, you repeat the sequence a certain number of times. The exercises consisted of two minutes of exercise at 85 to 95 percent of a person's VO2 max (the highest amount of oxygen the body can use during exercise), followed by two minutes of recovery at 40% VO2 max. Five to eight times, the pattern was repeated.

The researchers discovered that as compared to participants who performed their normal lower-intensity exercise, those in the HIIT group had lower PSA levels, lower PSA velocities (the rate at which PSA levels vary over time), and slower prostate cancer cell growth. Additionally, they possessed increased cardiovascular fitness. According to the study, men on active monitoring have a threefold increased risk of dying from cardiovascular disease than from prostate cancer. JAMA Oncology published the findings online on Aug. 19, 2021.

Pexel photo
Prostatitis is a common inflammatory condition that accounts for over two million doctor visits in the United States each year, but it receives little attention. Certain types of infections are caused by bacteria that are easily detectable and treatable with antibiotics. However, over 90% of the time, prostatitis symptoms (painful urination and ejaculation, pelvic pain, and sexual dysfunction) have no obvious cause. This condition is referred to as chronic nonbacterial prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome, abbreviated as CP/CPPS. Treatments are numerous. Antibiotics are sometimes prescribed first if the condition was preceded by a urinary tract infection. Additionally, they may recommend anti-inflammatory pain medications, stress-reduction techniques, pelvic floor exercises, and occasionally, drugs such as alpha-blockers, which relax the prostate and bladder muscles.


Acupuncture is another treatment option for some men. According to a 2018 review article, acupuncture has the potential to alleviate CP/CPPS symptoms without the side effects associated with drug treatments.

Now, results from a recently published clinical trial demonstrate that acupuncture-induced symptom relief is long-lasting. The findings, which were published in the prestigious journal Annals of Internal Medicine, are encouraging for people who suffer from CP/CPPS.

Acupuncture is a treatment that involves inserting single-use needles into "acupoints" throughout the body and manipulating them manually, with heat, or with electrical stimulation. The researchers at ten institutions in China randomly assigned 440 men with prostatitis to receive either real acupuncture or a control sham procedure in which the needles were inserted away from traditional acupoints for twenty sessions (over eight weeks).

Two common skin problems and solutions for men

Athlete's foot and dry skin


Dry skin

Scaly patches (with or without redness), itching, and overall dryness are all signs of dry skin. Dry skin can occur at any time of year, from the intense heat of summer to the bitter cold of winter. Sun exposure wreaks havoc on the skin, causing it to become thinner and less able to retain moisture over time. Additionally, aging skin produces fewer natural oils that help keep the skin lubricated. The solution to common male skin problems: Dry skin and Athlete's foot

Treatment

The first line of defense is a moisturizer that uses water and lipids to soften and smooth the skin (fats). Certain moisturizers draw water to the skin and keep it there. Others work by coating the skin with a thick, impermeable layer that prevents moisture loss.

Jelly of petroleum. 

This waxy, greasy substance prevents water loss while remaining non-clogging. It can be used alone or as an ingredient in a variety of moisturizers and ointments. Because petroleum jelly is water-free, it works best when applied while the skin is still damp from bathing.

Mineral lubricant.

Mineral oil achieves the same effect without leaving a greasy residue. Additionally, it should be applied while the skin is damp.

A recent study demonstrates that the alternate biopsy procedure for the prostate is more complicated.

A biopsy is often the next step if a screening test for prostate cancer indicates an abnormality. This is generally always accomplished in the United States by inserting a biopsy needle through the rectum into the prostate. Doctors can see the needle's path using an ultrasound machine. This treatment, referred to as transrectal ultrasonography (TRUS) biopsy, carries a minor but growing risk of infections that are becoming increasingly resistant to current medications.


To further reduce infection risk, surgeons can thread the biopsy needle into the perineum, a region of skin between the anus and scrotum. This circumvents rectal bacteria. Additionally, these so-called transperineal (TP) biopsies enable improved access to the tip (or apex) of the prostate, which accounts for 30% of malignancies. They are, however, more painful for the patient. They were formerly performed exclusively in hospital operating rooms under general anesthesia.

Today, technological advancements enable doctors to do TP biopsies in their own offices under local anesthetic. And as a result of this progress, the urge to minimize infections through the use of this strategy is increasing.

Harvard researchers have compared the two approaches in terms of cancer detection and complication rates. The trial enrolled 260 men, all of whom were highly matched in terms of age, race, prostate-specific antigen levels, and other diagnostic results. Between 2014 and 2020, half of the men received TRUS biopsies and the other half received TP biopsies. All operations were conducted at a single medical practice. To prepare, all males in the TRUS group received prophylactic antibiotics according to established clinical standards. In comparison, only 43% of males in the TP group received antibiotics, which was consistent with physician recommendations.


When it came to finding cancer, 62% of TP patients were found to have it, whereas 74% of TRUS patients had it found. There were no significant variations in cancer detection rates. However, 15% of men with cancer in the TP group had apical tumors that the TRUS biopsies "may have missed," according to the study's authors.

Mentally demanding jobs may help to lower the risk of dementia.



Are you employed in a mentally stimulating position? It may help lessen your risk of developing dementia later in life, according to a study published in The BMJ on Aug. 21, 2021. The researchers pooled data from several studies that explored the relationship between employment characteristics and chronic disease, disability, and death. They discovered that those with intellectually stimulating employment had a 23% lower risk of getting dementia than those with non-stimulating professions. Cognitively stimulating employment was classified as those that required individuals to make independent judgments and perform demanding tasks.

The cardiovascular safety of prostate cancer drugs is yet uncertain.

Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is a common treatment for prostate cancer that is used when the tumour has progressed or is likely to return after surgery or radiation. Doctors use ADT (also known as hormonal treatment) to block testosterone from fueling prostate cancer development. However, this type of therapy has possible adverse effects, including heart effects that should be properly watched, especially in men with cardiovascular disease or other cardiac risk factors. Every year, approximately one million men are diagnosed with prostate cancer throughout the world, and half of them will be prescribed ADT at some point in their lives.

Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae or gonococcus gonorrhoea. It was previously referred to as "the clap."

How gonorrhoea is transmitted?

The germs that cause gonorrhoea are most frequently detected in penile discharge and vaginal fluid.

Gonorrhoea is easily transmitted between humans via the following routes:

Vaginal, oral, or anal intercourse that is not protected

Exchanging vibrators or other sex devices that have not been thoroughly cleaned or wrapped with a fresh condom after each usage

The bacteria can infect the womb's entrance (cervix), the tube that excretes urine from the body (urethra), the rectum, and, less frequently, the throat or eyes.

Additionally, the illness can be transmitted from a pregnant mother to her unborn child. If you're pregnant and suspect you may have gonorrhoea, it's critical to get tested and treated before giving birth.


Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by Treponema pallidum bacterium. Syphilis begins with an open sore (ulcer) that releases fluid containing syphilis germs. Contact with this ulcer or other infectious sores that develop later in the disease, generally during vaginal, oral, or anal intercourse, can spread syphilis. Syphilis, if left untreated, progresses through a succession of stages that affect various areas of the body, but some stages overlap:

Syphilis creates a painless ulcer called a chancre in the vaginal region, where the syphilis germs enter the body. This stage lasts between ten to ninety days (on average three weeks) after a person is exposed to someone who has syphilis. Without therapy, the sore resolves in around four to eight weeks.

Secondary syphilis – The syphilis germs spread throughout the body at this stage. This frequently results in a rash covering the majority of the body, as well as fever, aches and pains, and other symptoms. This stage lasts six to eight weeks after a person is introduced to syphilis.

Latent syphilis – This stage begins after the secondary stage has ended. Despite the absence of symptoms, the individual remains sick. This period can span several years, if not the entirety of an individual's life. Approximately one-third of latent syphilis patients develop tertiary syphilis.

Tertiary syphilis — At this stage, syphilis germs may severely harm numerous internal organs, including the brain and spinal cord. It often manifests within ten years of infection and can be fatal.

Pregnant mothers who have syphilis can transmit the bacteria to their infants, resulting in congenital syphilis. Syphilis congenital causes a range of skin and organ issues in babies and is often fatal. Pregnant women with syphilis also have a roughly 40% chance of having a stillborn baby.

What is chlamydia?

How can I determine if I have to take an STD test? Discover More

Chlamydia is an infection that is transmitted sexually and infects both men and women. It can harm a woman's reproductive system permanently and dangerously. Her inability to get pregnant in the future will be because of this. Chlamydia may induce a dangerous ectopic pregnancy, which is deadly in many cases (pregnancy that occurs outside the womb).

How is chlamydia transmitted?

Chlamydia can be transmitted by intercourse of the oral, anal, or vaginal kind with someone who already has it.

Even if your sex partner does not ejaculate, you might still catch chlamydia.

You can develop chlamydia again even if you've had it before and been treated. Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease transmitted after the occurrence of unprotected intercourse with someone who is also infected. Chlamydia can be transmitted to a baby during delivery if the mother is infected.

Infection of the urinary tract (also known as cystitis) can affect your urinary system, including your kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. These organs play an important role in producing urine and getting it out of your body. Urinary tract infections are frequently broken down into two types, which are identified by where they occur in the urinary system:

Lower tract infection:

Lower urinary tract infections are caused mostly by bacteria in the gut, which go up the urethra and then spread into the bladder from the skin. Urethritis may be the result of sexually transmitted bacteria, such as gonorrhoea and Chlamydia. Men can develop an inflammation of the prostate, known as prostatitis, as well as other types of urinary infections.

In cases of upper tract infections, patients experience issues with their ureters and kidneys, with pyelonephritis as the most common of them (kidney infection). Germs frequently move through the urinary tract from the bladder, leading to infections in the kidneys. These can arise as a result of bacteria that gather in the kidneys from the circulation.

Urinary tract infections affect most women. Only a small number of them are found in younger males. The prostate gland can get enlarged in males over 50, and it can cause urinary blockage. BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia, a disease characterized by an enlarged prostate, is an illness that affects an estimated one-third of men over age sixty. If this problem occurs, it can hinder the bladder from completely emptying, increasing the risk of germs building up and resulting in an infection. Men who are uncircumcised or engage in anal sex are at higher risk for having bladder inflammation, also known as cystitis. Besides objects in the urinary tract (e.g., stones or catheter-related strictures), other variables that might raise the risk of urinary tract infections include insufficient bladder emptying (the above-mentioned stent placement or other reasons that prevent proper emptying) (as may be inserted to relieve a blockage in the urethra).

Disclaimer:

No content on this site, regardless of date, should be used to replace direct medical advice from your doctor or another trained practitioner.
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