A new study suggests that women who suffer from migraine headaches prior to becoming pregnant may be at greater risk for pregnancy complications that could endanger their health or that of their unborn child.

The Harvard-led research, which was published online by Neurology on January 19, 2023, analysed 20 years' worth of data from Nurses Health Research II, which included 30,555 pregnancies among 19,694 nurses in the United States. The number of women who reported being diagnosed with migraine, as well as the form of migraine, were evaluated by the researchers. In addition, participants reported whether they had experienced medical complications during pregnancy.

Will there still be access to miscarriage care?

 You probably weren't aware that up to one in three pregnancies results in a miscarriage when you first discovered the facts of pregnancy, perhaps from a parent or a friend.

Why do miscarriages happen? What is done about it? And why is adequate medical care for miscarriages being questioned and, in some US regions, becoming more difficult to find?

A miscarriage is what?

Many of the people who seek assistance are ready and hoping to start families. The premature termination of a desired pregnancy is devastating.

A pregnancy loss before 20 weeks, measured from the first day of the last menstrual cycle, is referred to as a miscarriage. Even though the danger steadily goes down as the pregnancy goes on, miscarriage can occur in up to one out of every three pregnancies. It happens in fewer than one in 100 pregnancies by the 20th week.

Why do miscarriages happen?

Miscarriage frequently has multiple causes, none of which are visible. Some elements increase danger, including:
  • pregnancy in later life (older age). The loss of a pregnancy is frequently caused by chromosomal abnormalities. It gets worse as people get older.
  • autoimmune illnesses. A higher chance of miscarriage exists in pregnant women with autoimmune illnesses like lupus or Sjogren's syndrome, despite the fact that many of their pregnancies are successful.
  • certain diseases. If uncontrolled, thyroid disease or diabetes can increase the risk.
  • some uterine problems. Miscarriage may be caused by uterine abnormalities, polyps, or fibroids.
  • miscarriages in the past. A miscarriage somewhat raises the likelihood of miscarriage in the subsequent pregnancy. For instance, if a woman is pregnant and her miscarriage risk is one in ten, it may rise to 1.5 in ten after her first miscarriage and to four in ten after three.
  • certain medications. Certain medications may be harmful to a growing pregnancy. If you have a chronic illness or condition, it is best to plan your pregnancy and get pre-pregnancy counselling.

Amazing sex always appears to be a piece of cake in the movies. However, real-life sex might provide us with unexpected challenges, such as pain that interferes with situations we had previously expected to be entirely pleasurable.

Many people avoid talking about painful sex since it can be uncomfortable, even with a doctor. But if you're struggling with it, you're not alone. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, discomfort during intercourse is incredibly frequent, with over three-quarters of women feeling pain at some point in their lives. Additionally, up to 60% of women report having painful sex in the run-up to menopause and afterwards.

Strong research shows that women often don't share this concern with their health care providers unless they're specifically asked, and doctors rarely ask

What makes sexual activity painful? It could involve burning, soreness, dryness, or a general feeling of discomfort in addition to the actual jabs or twinges of pain. Although it can affect nearby areas, including the pelvis and lower back, it is often most visible in the vagina and vulva. Sexual activity with partners of either gender can also cause pain.

You don't have to accept painful sex, though. It's time to look at why pleasure becomes discomfort and figure out how to restore enjoyment to the bedroom. Physical intimacy is important for couples.

Causes of pain during sex

Why may sex become uncomfortable after years of usually pleasurable lovemaking? Your stage of life is a major contributing factor, but there are many other important elements as well. Gynecologic disorders such as pelvic inflammatory disease, endometriosis, ovarian cysts, and fibroids may play a role. As well as other medical conditions like arthritis, radiation, pelvic surgery, or cancer. Even the thought of having sex can be impossible for someone with vulvodynia, a persistent pain illness affecting the vulva.

The following scenarios account for the most painful sex instances:

Childbirth. Undoubtedly, giving birth vaginally is difficult for the vagina, perhaps even more so for women who have undergone an episiotomy or perineal tears. The healing process can take several months. Vaginal dryness can be exacerbated by hormonal changes during childbirth and breastfeeding.

Menopause. A chronic, increasing absence of natural vaginal lubrication can be brought on by declining estrogen levels during the years preceding menopause and after. It typically starts with a sense of dryness or soreness low in the vagina, but over time it can become really uncomfortable everywhere.

High pelvic floor tone (Hypertonic). After a stressful experience, like a sexual assault, the muscles surrounding the vaginal opening may automatically constrict. Ironically, however, the disease might even start with the thought of discomfort in the bedroom. The more you expect sex to hurt, the more your pelvic floor muscles tense, creating a vicious cycle. Your pelvic floor muscles contract whenever intercourse is attempted, making sex even more uncomfortable. It's almost like your body is attempting to protect you. There may seem to be a wall there.

How to increase comfort
If you're afraid it'll hurt, sex can lose its appeal. The proverb "use it or lose it" is not applicable in this instance, however, as having less sex as menopause approaches does not increase the likelihood of painful intercourse.

2,247 women, aged 42 to 52, who reported no sexual pain at the trial's start and consented to log their sexual frequency and symptoms participated in the study, which was published on June 1st, 2022, in Obstetrics and Gynaecology. Over the course of up to 10 follow-up visits over the next 13 years, nearly half of the participants reported experiencing pain during sex at least occasionally. While having oral sex or being aroused more frequently (with or without sexual activity) were connected to lower odds of experiencing sexual pain, vaginal dryness revealed the highest association. But it wasn't taken into account how much sex the women had.

There are thoughts that intercourse is good for the vagina, stretching it and bringing in secretions and blood flow however, there is no data to back this up.

Congenital disabilities or birth injuries pose the greatest threat to the baby while it is still inside its mother. Your baby may experience behavioral abnormalities, motor function restrictions, and cognitive impairments as a result of taking certain medications, eating certain foods, or engaging in certain habits.

The chance of congenital impairment is higher during the first trimester, when the baby's major organs are growing. At this time, the mother must also exercise caution in both her eating habits and her daily activities.

A healthy lifestyle can assist a mother in protecting her unborn child from danger. Here are some recommendations to protect the unborn child's health:

1. Abstain from alcohol use.
Birth injuries and alcohol have a strong connection. Alcohol consumption by pregnant women results in birth defects and brain damage that are permanent. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are a possibility for children exposed to alcohol during pregnancy.

Preventing this issue in your unborn child is as simple as quitting drinking before getting pregnant so that your body is free of toxins when you conceive.

However, mothers who don't drink alcohol but nonetheless learn that their child has a birth defect like FASD need to seek other causes, like medical negligence.

The Birth Injury Justice Center, which offers substantial information on this subject, is a good place to go for additional information regarding birth injuries and legal assistance.

2. Give up smoking.
Smoking, like drinking, will prevent you from maintaining the health of your unborn child. So refrain from smoking while you are pregnant. It is more advised to give up smoking before getting pregnant.

If you smoke frequently, cut back until it is completely absent. It's crucial to reduce gradually because abrupt change isn't usually sustainable.

Intrauterine growth limitation, cleft palate, SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome), tremors, stillbirth, premature labor, etc. affect babies born to moms who smoke. Your baby's growing brain and lungs can suffer harm from nicotine.

The likelihood of intrauterine growth restriction increases with a mother's level of alcohol consumption. Due to the fact that many smokeless products also contain nicotine, e-cigarettes and vaping are also bad for the unborn.

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, an independent national panel of experts, has recently released draft guidelines proposing updated recommendations for breast cancer screening. The new guidelines suggest that women at average risk for breast cancer should undergo screening every other year starting at the age of 40. This is a departure from their previous advice, which recommended mammograms every other year starting at age 50. The proposed guidelines are in line with the 2022 recommendations by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network, which suggests annual mammograms for women at average risk.

The decision to update the guidelines was based on new scientific evidence that shows biennial mammograms starting at age 40 could potentially prevent at least one additional breast cancer death for every 1,000 women. Currently, breast cancer affects approximately 264,000 American women each year, with 42,000 losing their lives to the disease, according to data from the CDC.

Where you responsible for my partner's bladder infection?

When a woman has a normal bladder infection, the most typical type of urinary tract infection (UTI), her sexual partner does not need to be checked. UTI-causing germs are not transmitted by partners. Women's small urethras—the tube that removes urine from the bladder—make them more susceptible to UTIs. The region surrounding the urethra's end is covered in bacteria. In order to infect the bladder in women, these germs only need to travel a short distance from the urethral entrance. Even though you did not spread the bacteria, you might have had some impact. After sexual activity, some women experience UTIs. This is especially true when having sex that is intense or frequent. Changing sexual positions and encouraging her to urinate immediately after sexual contact may be helpful in these circumstances.

If you find blood on your sheets after sex, Why might something like this occur?

Even though some of its potential reasons are minor, bleeding after sex can be concerning if you're not menstruating at the moment. Vaginal dryness, which is a major factor and is typical in postmenopausal women due to low oestrogen levels, can also thin and weaken the vaginal walls. But in addition to vaginal infections like chlamydia or gonorrhoea, other vaginal infections like yeast infections or others can cause bleeding after sex. Small, normally noncancerous growths on the cervix called cervical polyps might bleed as a result of vaginal rubbing.

According to a recent nationally representative poll, more elderly women than men showed indicators of addiction to highly processed foods and beverages during the preceding year.

The survey, which is a component of the National Poll on Healthy Ageing from the University of Michigan, was released online on January 30, 2023. In July 2022, 2,163 persons between the ages of 50 and 80 who were questioned over the phone or online. In order to assess their own behaviours and thoughts regarding addiction to highly processed foods including sweets, salty snacks, sugary drinks, and fast food, participants responded to 13 questions. Intense cravings, an inability to reduce usage, and withdrawal symptoms are some characteristics of addiction. Participants had to admit to at least two of 11 symptoms, as well as considerable distress or issues with eating, at least twice a week in order to meet the criteria for addiction to highly processed foods.
1 easy way to get bigger boobs

Let me start by saying what got me so interested in this brand is the fact that over the years, when we talk about nude bras and inserts, all the shades we see are mostly beige, and hardly even deep shades that suit or are close to black skin. There was nothing like the colour cocoa for bras, but the inclusion of different colour shades by this brand is very impressive.

I remember back in school when my friends would go shopping for nude bras and come back with beige bras that looked off their skin colour. This is such a thoughtful brand that understands the importance of the breast pads being the same or close to the colour of your skin.

Patients immediately experience fear, confusion, and uncertainty as a result of the shock of receiving a cancer diagnosis and thinking about the subsequent treatments. Chemotherapy and radiation treatments wreak havoc on the body, which can also be detrimental to one's appearance. Hair loss, problems with the skin and nails, fluctuating weight, nausea, and exhaustion are unfavourable side effects of cancer treatment. Having to deal with these side effects on a daily basis makes coping with the illness challenging. When confronting cancer, women in particular experience diminished self-confidence and self-esteem. The good news is that many hospitals and clinics provide patients with beauty therapy services performed by certified beauticians and cosmetologists.

Improved standard of living

Patients who have negative effects on their self-image find renewal in the beauty therapy services offered by cosmetologists. Licenced beauticians frequently work with hospitals and clinics to give patients who require them beauty services. Beauticians offer more than just facials, manicures, and hair styling; whether these services are offered one-on-one or in group sessions, they also offer technical guidance, a sympathetic ear, and a peaceful respite. Studies have shown that providing patients with beauty and wellness treatments can improve their quality of life by instructing them in practises and offering assistance to minimise the physical adverse effects of cancer treatments.
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