This month marks the formal start of summer, so be sure to wear clothing that protects you from the sun when you go outside. Sun-protective clothing is comprised of materials that efficiently shield your skin from dangerous ultraviolet (UV) radiation, so the hat and long-sleeved shirt in your closet aren't just any old hat or shirt.


Fabrics that offer protection

Summer clothing made of loosely woven materials (like gauze and linen) does very little to protect your skin from UV rays. The best defence is provided by densely woven, high-thread-count materials in dark or vivid colours (which absorb light). Examples include canvas, lightweight wool, polyester, and nylon.

For sun-protective clothing, several clothing manufacturers increasingly use high-tech textiles. When it comes to safety, high-tech materials may even provide more than standard, densely woven fabrics. These materials frequently wick away moisture and dry quickly. Some even contain titanium dioxide and zinc oxide, two ingredients in sunscreens. But keep in mind that this chemical protection might only last for 20 to 40 wash cycles.

Umbrella Protection Factor (UPF)
If the label of your clothing includes an Ultraviolet Protection Factor (UPF) rating, you may be certain that it is sun-protective. That gauges how much UV radiation gets through the fabric.

You should seek out clothing with a UPF rating of 50, which should block 98% of the sun's rays. Wearing the clothing is equivalent to applying sunscreen since it has a sun protection factor [SPF] of 30, according to Dr. Abigail Waldman, director of the Mohs and Dermatologic Surgery Centre at Brigham and Women's Hospital, which is connected with Harvard.

If you're wearing clothing with a UPF rating, can you forgo sunscreen? "Yes, but only for areas covered by the clothes," Dr. Waldman replies. Sunscreen is still necessary for exposed skin, including the neck, ears, hands, and feet.

Additionally, keep in mind that any clothing, whether or not it has a UPF rating, offers reduced UV protection when it becomes wet or stretches, allowing light to pass through the fibres. "Therefore, wear clothes that fit loosely. And if you know you'll be sweating a lot or getting in the water, it's not a bad idea to wear waterproof sunscreen underneath sun-protective clothing, advises Dr. Waldman.


Have you tried this Tesco Extracts cocoa butter body lotion? Well, if you haven't, I am here for you because you get to know what you are buying. Below is a photo of the before and after of the Tesco Extracts cocoa butter body lotion.

Let me start by saying that this cream is suitable for summer, and contrary to the name cocoa butter, you might be expecting a thick texture, but this is light. It is white in colour and has a calm and subtle fragrance of cocoa butter. Nice and simple packaging with the ingredients written on the cream.

So here is what you need to know about the Tesco Extracts cocoa butter body lotion:

1. It is light and not like the cocoa butter texture you expect.

2. It is suitable for summer weather.

3. Since I have been using it, I didn't see the skin.

4. The promise of a softening effect did not work on my skin.

I do not know how some people like me, lol, still go out without sunscreen. I literally used to go out without wearing sunscreen; the sun is not friendly to your skin, and I found out and changed even though I have written lots of articles about it. I still have setbacks, such as my sunscreen finishing and I getting lazy to go get a new one or forgetting to apply sunscreen, but I have disciplined myself to be consistent and always use it, and here are the benefits of always applying the Nivea nourishing day cream I have seen so far.

1. Brighter skin appearance
2. Prevent sunburn.
3. Skin cancer
4. premature aging


I have been using the Nivea nourishing day cream with 24 hours of moisture and natural almond oil for dry and sensitive skin with SPF 15. I like this product because after applying it, it dries very fast and doesn't make your skin oily or feel too heavy. It is very light, and I always feel comfortable, and it blends so well with makeup and doesn't cause sweating or leave any residue.

The SPF (Sun Protection Factor) scale is not linear:

• SPF 15 blocks 93% of UVB rays
• SPF 30 blocks 97% of UVB rays
• SPF 50 blocks 98% of UVB rays

When it comes to skincare products, the recommendations are endless, which is why appreciating products that actually work is important. Because mass market products have gotten out of hand and regulations are lax, it is a good idea to read about a product before purchasing it, which is why I will be sharing with you all products that will help you get rid of your dark spots.

There are common causes of dark spots, like sun damage, hormonal changes, side effects caused by medications, diabetes, wound healing, irritation, and inflammation.

If you have ever had to achieve any skin goals, you should know that consistency is key. There are many treatments and products on the market that claim to remove dark spots from the skin, but not all of them are created equal, and some of them could even be dangerous. If you want to treat dark spots or discoloration knowing what to look for will help you make a safe choice to help you achieve your goal.

Here are recommended products by DW Aesthetics to help treat dark spots or discoloration.


The Even Tone Duo Set is the perfect combination of products to help improve the look of dark spots, hyperpigmentation, uneven skin tone, sun damage, and visible blemishes. It will help to brighten, smooth, and give you the desired, cleaner complexion if used on a regular basis. Please note that it is not suitable for sensitive skin types.

Looking for ways to improve the health and appearance of your hair and skin? Well, it all starts from the inside with a good diet, getting enough sleep, and drinking plenty of water. You’ll also want to minimize stress and stay consistent with your skin and haircare routines. Need more help? Make the following tips part of your daily routine, and you’ll never go wrong.


Regular washing and conditioning of your hair are vital to keeping it clean and healthy. Whatever you do, choose a gentle shampoo and conditioner that suits your hair type. The same goes for your skin. You want to cleanse it at least once a day, especially before bedtime. This helps to remove dirt, oil, and makeup that can clog your pores and cause breakouts.


High heat exposure is bad news for both your hair and skin. Heat styling tools such as flat irons, curling irons, and blow dryers can cause damage to the hair, while sun exposure can cause damage to your skin, including sunburns and premature aging.

That’s why you should always protect your skin by applying a broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least SPF 30 every day, even on cloudy days, and using a hair moisturizer with the same level of sun protection on your hair.

You should also apply a heat protectant spray before styling and try to let your hair air-dry whenever possible.

Stay hydrated

Drinking plenty of water is essential for overall health, including the health of your hair and skin. Dehydrated skin can appear dull, flaky, and more prone to wrinkles, while hydrated skin looks and feels healthy and youthful. Hydrated hair is less prone to breakage and is often more shiny and manageable.

Trim your hair regularly

Regular trimming of split ends can help prevent further damage and promote healthy hair growth.

Eat a balanced diet

A diet rich in vitamins and minerals, particularly biotin, and vitamins B, C, and E, can help promote healthy hair growth. On the other hand, vitamins C and E, and antioxidants, are essential to supporting skin health from the inside out.

Avoid harsh chemicals

Chemicals such as bleach and perm solutions can be harsh on your hair and cause damage. If you must use these products, consider using a deep conditioning treatment afterward to help repair and nourish your hair. Use a color-intensifying serum to help fortify and protect hair.
Vitamin brightening cleaning gel

So, as you all know, there are lots of products on the market that aren’t really needed at this point. Some brands put in the work, while others are just trying to produce in mass and make money.

Today I'll be sharing my thoughts and results after using a vitamin C cleansing gel that I didn't think was necessary, but after trying it, I decided to share.

So I always wanted to wash my face with soap, but some soaps are pretty hard on the skin, leaving it extra dry. This product is for general skin care, so for my face, I apply it, leave it on for a few minutes (about 2 minutes), and then wash it. After using your shower gel, you can apply this product and rinse it off.


It's possible that you are unaware of this, but it's likely that your skin's needs will change frequently and for extended periods of time throughout the year, necessitating a change in your skincare regimen in order to give your skin the chance to thrive. You might not be aware of the significance of hydration, regardless of the season or how your skin looks to others.

For instance, you might feel the need to use more moisturizing products in the winter and lessen them or completely stop using them in the summer. In fact, doing this might have the exact opposite effect of what you want. Here are my suggestions for maintaining glowing, supple skin, no matter where you live or what time of year it is!

6 Steps to Hydrated Skin
Finding what will work can be challenging if you don't already have a skincare routine in place or if you do but aren't sure it's the best for your skin. The good news is that there is an option for you, whether you want a one-and-done product or you're willing to set aside some time each morning and evening to fully embrace the self-care aspect of caring for your skin.

Step #1: Cleansers and scrubs in Step One

Prior to applying any kind of moisturizer, you must first cleanse your skin. Any residue you leave behind could irritate your skin and result in breakouts, in addition to removing any barriers from your skin that might prevent the skincare you apply on top from properly penetrating. Although double cleansing—removing your makeup first and then cleansing your skin—is advised, the Banila Clean it Zero Cleansing Balm or Cetaphil Daily Facial Cleanser can fulfill both requirements if you don't have the time or energy for that. Even better, neither of those will deplete your skin's natural oils, preventing you from feeling tight and dry.

Include a scrub in your cleansing routine to go one step further and give your skin a smoother, younger-looking feel than ever before. This can be achieved with products like the Acure Brightening Facial Scrub.

Skip to step 5 if all you want to do is clean your face and apply one moisturizer.

Step #2: Toners

Cleansers and moisturizers are probably two skincare products that almost everyone is familiar with, but there are other subcategories that are less well-known. Toners are one example. With the Dear Klairs Supple Preparation Toner, you can moisturize, soothe, and clean your skin all at once.

You can lighten, smooth, and lessen the appearance of blemishes and undesirable pigmentation by using the Some by Mi AHA BHA PHA 30 Days Miracle Toner.

No, this step is not required, but with the right one, you can accomplish a wide range of tasks, including clearing away any residue from step 1 as well as chemically exfoliating, reducing inflammation, and declogging your pores.

Step 3: Essential oils

I just recently added this step for skincare, but I can't imagine my routine without it now! Because essences are designed to hydrate and lay a foundation for the other steps to better absorb into your skin, they can boost the efficacy of your serum, oil, and moisturizer. Consider the Missha Time Revolution: The First Treatment Essence Rx if you're on the fence about it.

Step #4: Oils and serums in Step Four

Start using a serum or oil if you want your skin to glow like you spent the day at the spa! If you want something lighter in weight, a serum like the Mizon Hyaluronic Acid 100 is your best bet. You'll receive a tonne of hydration from it without feeling anything on your skin.

Choose an oil like the Haruharu Wonder Black Rice Facial Oil if you'd like something a little bit thicker to make your skin look it's most supple.

Hello and a happy new year to everyone. I am excited to share my first review of the year with you all. Creightons' Pure Touch Moisturising Antibacterial Hand Cream is probably familiar to you. Creightons has a number of products, and this is the first one I'll be trying.

From time to time I get dry hands from washing and sanitizing my hands and this has made to always look for hand creams that can make my hand feel good and provide longer-lasting protection.

I was going to London and needed both body cream and hand cream, so I purchased this hand cream from the duty-free store. I've tried a variety of good hand creams, and this is one of them.

Over 150 types of germs live on the average hand! This is why, when I'm out and about, I keep a pocket hand sanitizer in my bag or back pocket to help eliminate 99.9% of bacteria and viruses.

Touch is extremely important. It is what we do when we want to show someone that we care and that we are listening. This is why it's critical that, when we get home from work or a trip to the store, we fully wash and sanitize our hands with soap and water before interacting with members of our family.

I believe that there are still good products in the market that can do the job. Today, I will be sharing a product I like and I will tell you why you need this product so just keep reading because this article will be very beneficial to you.

Some times seeing is believing so I made a video about this brand but today I am sharing specifically about the eye gel. This product is called the Yerba mate wake up gel and the purpose of this product is to help revitalize and energize your eye area. Are you still on doubt? let me explain to you.

How does the Yerba mate wake up gel and what does it contain?

This product helps with the puffiness under your eyes, especially when you look tired or just woke up and want to rush out and do not want to look like you've been in bed just use this product. It is suitable for all skin types, and it was not tested on animals, so vegans can use it.

This Wake Up Eye Gel is suitable for use both in the morning and at night. If you want to wear makeup, you have no worries; it blends in perfectly.

  • It contains natural antioxidants and polyphenols that shield the skin from UV rays and sun damage.
  • It also contains acetyl tetrapeptide-5 and caffeine which reduces puffiness. Caffeine tightens the skin and is considered safe for all skin types.
  • It contains three types of hyaluronic acid which help to plump the appearance of fine wrinkles. Multiple phenol units characterise the broad family of chemical substances called polyphenols, which are found in nature. Plants produce a variety of them, and they are widely distributed. Flavonoids are polyphenols. It protects your skin from environmental aggressors such as pollution and radiation and works best when combined with a serum or moisturizer.

Yerba mate is a renowned South American tree recognised for its ability to stimulate the mind and body. Additionally, it is a natural source of powerful polyphenols and antioxidants. When used in skincare products, yerba mate aids in the slowing of premature ageing caused by the sun's harmful UV radiation. Skin that seems younger, more radiant, and energetic as a result.

Revitalize and energize tired, puffy eyes with this soothing eye gel from Good Molecules. Yerba Mate Wake Up Eye Gel is rich in yerba mate extract, a natural source of antioxidants and polyphenols for brighter, more radiant skin.

The eye gel comes in a  Size: 15 ml / 0.50 oz, with a pH: 5.2 and has No added fragrance.

How to use the Yerba Mate Wake Up Eye Gel
Apply a small amount of the gel under your eyes. Avoid direct contact with your eyes and pat until the gel cream is fully absorbed.
Your skin is your body’s largest organ. It covers and protects your entire body. Not only that, but your skin is also the first line of defense against infection and disease. So it’s essential to take good care of your skin to stay healthy.

There are a lot of things you can do to take care of your skin, from using sunscreen to drinking plenty of water. But this article will focus on eight specific ways which will help keep your skin looking young and healthy for years to come.


Use Sunscreen

The sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays can cause premature aging, wrinkles, and even skin cancer. That’s why it’s important to use sunscreen every day, even if you don’t plan on going outside. Look for a sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 and make sure it offers broad-spectrum protection and try to wear it all year long (yes, even during the winter times).

Additionally, choose a sunscreen with physical ingredients such as zinc oxide and titanium dioxide, rather than chemical ingredients. These physical blockers block the sun’s rays from penetrating your skin, while chemical blockers merely absorb them.

Non-invasive Treatments

In-office treatments such as chemical peels and microdermabrasion are two noninvasive treatments that can help improve the appearance of your skin. Chemical peels use exfoliants to strip away dead skin cells, while microdermabrasion uses a diamond wand to remove the top layer of skin and stimulate collagen production.

On the other hand, if you need to enhance the condition of your skin due to the aging process, weather, and stress factors, you may also consider Botox and dermal fillers. These treatments are minimally invasive, meaning that they involve injections of either botulinum toxin (such as Botox) or hyaluronic acid (such as Juvederm). While there is botox being offered in Glasgow and other major cities, this kind of treatment requires trained professionals to administer the injections. Consider consulting a dermatologist or plastic surgeon to learn more about these treatments.

Eat Skin-boosting Foods

You can’t outsmart genetics when it comes to your skin, but you can ensure that you’re getting the right nutrients to help keep it looking healthy. Eating foods like fruits, vegetables, and omega-3-rich fish will not only help protect your skin from sun damage, but they’ll also give your body the essential vitamins and minerals it needs for glowing skin.

Additionally, adding foods rich in antioxidants, such as green tea and dark chocolate, will help fight free radicals and keep your skin looking radiant. Lastly, try to avoid sugary processed foods as these have been found to lead to an increase in wrinkles and age spots.
Your skin is the largest organ in your body, and it deserves to be treated well! In this blog post, we will discuss how to take care of your skin using a variety of different methods. We will cover everything from cleansing to moisturizing to protecting your skin from the sun. So, whether you have dry skin, oily skin, or something in between, we have you covered!


1. Cleansing:

It is important to cleanse your skin twice a day. This helps remove dirt, oil, and other impurities that can accumulate on the surface of your skin throughout the day. Choose a gentle cleanser that is specifically designed for your skin type and use lukewarm water to rinse away any residue. For example, if you have oily skin, choose a cleanser with salicylic acid or glycolic acid to help control shine.

2. Exfoliation:

Exfoliation helps remove dead skin cells from the surface of your skin and allows for new, healthy cells to come through. It also helps promote cell turnover, which is important for maintaining a youthful appearance. You can use either physical exfoliators like scrubs or chemical exfoliators with alpha hydroxy acids or beta hydroxy acids, depending on your skin type and desired results. Just remember to be gentle and not overdo it, as this can lead to irritation and dryness.

3. Always check your dermatologist:

Regular visits to your dermatologist can help you get the most out of your skincare routine, as they will be able to assess any potential areas of concern and provide advice or treatment if needed. Also, a dermatologist can help identify any underlying skin issues that may be contributing to your current skin condition. This will help you target your skincare routine and make sure you are doing all that you can to maintain healthy, glowing skin.

4. Use SPF:

UV rays from the sun can cause a lot of damage to the skin, so it is important to protect yourself with sunscreen or other forms of sun protection. Choose an SPF that is tailored to your skin type and reapply often throughout the day if needed. For added protection, wear a wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses when spending extended periods outdoors. This will help protect your skin and keep it looking younger for longer. For example, if you have sensitive skin, make sure to look for a mineral-based sunscreen, as this will be less likely to irritate the skin.
What is glycolic acid? This question is asked by many people, and it is a good question. Glycolic acid is an ingredient that can be found in many skincare products. It is derived from sugar cane and has been used for centuries to improve the appearance of the skin. In this blog post, we will discuss the benefits of glycolic acid and provide some great ways to use it to achieve beautiful skin!

Image source:https://unsplash.com/photos/xnOwim0TwUM

You Can Find It In Exfoliators

Glycolic acid can be found in exfoliators. It is an ingredient that helps to remove dead skin cells from the surface of the skin. The skin may look better and appear more luminous as a result of this. Glycolic acid exfoliators are available at many beauty stores and online retailers. People that used exfoliators by Viviane Woodard recommend that you compare products to find one that has the right concentration of glycolic acid for your skin type. You should also look for an exfoliator that has other ingredients that will help to improve the health of your skin, such as aloe vera or chamomile extract.

What Does It Do?

Glycolic acid has many benefits for the skin. By eliminating dead skin cells, it might assist in enhancing the appearance of the skin. It can also help to improve the health of the skin by providing nutrients and moisture. Glycolic acid is an ingredient that is found in many skincare products, such as exfoliators, serums, and moisturizers. You can find glycolic acid products at many beauty stores and online retailers.

A mole is a blemish or mark on your skin, and it is typically dark brown or another color that really stands out. Most people have a lot of moles, and most of the time, the number of moles you have depends on your parents. However, for some people, moles are unsightly blemishes that they want removed from their bodies, so they might want to consider mole removal.

But when should you consider mole removal, and where should you go to do it? That’s what this article is going to tell you about!

Is Getting a Mole Removed Necessary?

For the most part, no. Most moles are harmless specs on the body that don’t do much, and don’t harm the body at all. The most discomfort some of them will cause is when a mole rubs against clothing; it can cause some mild discomfort, and that can be a problem.

The most important thing you can do is watch your moles, because if a mole stays the same in terms of shape, size, and color, you don’t have to worry about it. However, if the mole does start changing, then you need to seek medical help right away. Moles that change can be precancerous or cancerous, so you need to have the mole evaluated.

PS... Vitamin C Gel Moisturiser

Brighten dull skin and glow from within with the super booster gel vitamin C moisturiser.

Primark PS... Vitamin C Gel Moisturiser

Primark is a very popular retail brand that has all types of everyday products, from clothes to beauty and more. I wanted to purchase high-end brand skin care products, but since I am currently not dealing with any facial skin issues, I decided to go for something cheap, and I stepped into Primark and purchased the Ps... Vitamin C super booster gel moisturiser for daily brightening, everyday hydrating and clarifying skin product.


What can I say about this product?

This product is affordable, and if you want to get cheap daily skincare, then you can go for this.

A vegan-friendly product.

A mild scent that wears away easily.

Why should you avoid fabrics that cause skin itching?

Femme luxe

I have been a bit slow in writing about this yellow knitted skirt and top set from Femme luxe. I wore this to work; it looked nice but was extremely uncomfortable. I was a bit disappointed because the fabric was very itchy and I could barely stay a minute without being conscious of the fact that the material was itching my skin. 

I've worn other Femme luxe clothing that was fine, but this Cream Knitted Rib Long Sleeve Jumper with High Waisted Bodycon Midi Skirt Co-ord-Zara itched my skin horribly, which is why I'd like to share the reasons why you shouldn't wear clothing that itches your skin. Apart from the skin irritation, there is much more harm and mental destabilization it can cause you. 

I know that itchy clothes can be a result of poor personal hygiene, but I am writing about fabrics that are known to cause skin itchiness and why you should avoid wearing these kinds of fabrics. 

Itchy fabrics can cause mental destabilization.
Like I said earlier, I wore this outfit to work. The fit was great, and I hoped to have a great day looking all pretty and cute, but after getting to the office, I started feeling uncomfortable. I was totally disoriented, and it was hard to keep adjusting my clothes to reduce the effect of the fabric on my skin. I was able to endure until the end of my work, but I was mentally exhausted at the end of the day and could not wait to get home to take my clothes off. 

Decreased functionality and focus
I was less functional and focused because my skin was itchy. I found it a bit difficult to concentrate, which made me less productive. 

Total discomfort.
There is a difference between being really uncomfortable and being destabilized. I had both feelings at the same time. My confidence even dropped, and I was trying not to scratch my skin a lot to avoid attention from my co-workers in the office. 

Shea butter has hydrating and healing qualities that enhance the texture and tone of the skin on the face, hands, feet, and other delicate body regions. Shea butter that has not been processed has essential nutrients for the skin and is hypoallergenic.

Shea butter is a rich, buttery substance that is thick and creamy in texture. It originates from the seeds of the shea tree's fruits. Unrefined shea butter penetrates clean skin extremely well, according to numerous studies. It can be up to 60% fat, which makes it a perfect emollient and moisturizer. Unrefined shea butter has numerous advantages and uses for both the skin on the body and the face.

The Skin Benefits of Shea Butter
The vitamins A, E, and F are abundant in shea butter. The body can retain and utilize these fat-soluble vitamins as needed. These vitamins encourage collagen's healthy growth, which gives skin its supple, smooth texture. Shea butter has a UV protection factor of roughly six and can be applied to skin areas like the lips and eyelids where sunscreens might irritate the skin. It helps wounds recover and revitalizes dry, flaky, irritated, or itchy skin and hair.

Where to Use Shea Butter and How
After cleansing a scrape or cut, generously apply shea butter to the area. For relief from itching, apply shea butter to a dry scalp. To fight dry skin, use it on your hands, heels, and cracked lips. Add essential oils as needed and use them as a massage medium. When feeling ill, rub it onto a raw nose.

The Skin Benefits of Shea Butter
Online google image
Rice skincare products

Fortunately, rice-based skincare is much more widely available today. Let's delve more into rice's benefits for the skin, as well as some wonderful products containing this substance!

Skin Benefits of Rice

It turns out that rice has long been used for its beauty benefits; the first instance was documented in Japan over a thousand years ago! Since then, women in East Asian cultures have used rice water as a hair treatment to help hydrate, brighten, and soothe the skin. But we didn't understand why rice works until recent decades, due to research.

While the ingredient may only be listed as "Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Extract" or "Oryza Sativa (Rice) Bran Water" on the back of your beauty product, it actually contains a lot more! It's a great resource for:

vitamin E, phytic acid, ferulic acid, and oryzanol are antioxidants. By reducing the generation of free radicals, which can result in inflammation, hyperpigmentation, and ageing symptoms, antioxidants protect our skin. Even some antioxidants can aid in improving moisture retention!

Omega-3 fatty acids and polysaccharides moisturise and support the natural barrier of our skin. Better moisture retention due to a healthier barrier results in less dryness and fine lines.
trace minerals like selenium and zinc. These minerals are suitable for acne-prone skin because of their antimicrobial and antibacterial capabilities.
In addition to these fantastic chemicals, there has been some research done specifically on the effect of the ingredient on the skin:

According to a 2013 study, fermented rice water, often known as rice wine, can increase collagen formation, leading to plumper skin and fewer wrinkles.

The enhanced antioxidant levels brought on by fermentation contribute to these anti-ageing advantages.

Why do I itch more at night?

I've been lying in bed every night, scratching itches I didn't have or didn't notice during the day. What exactly is going on? What can I do to help?

You have nocturnal pruritus, which is a fairly common problem. This perplexing condition can be caused by a variety of factors, including our own circadian rhythm, and the body's natural 24-hour cycle. This shift can cause nighttime skin changes like increased blood flow, feelings of warmth, and lower levels of corticosteroids, which would otherwise suppress inflammation (and itching).
Although no one is actually allergic to the sun, some people are extremely sensitive to various types of sun rays and may experience mild to severe reactions after spending time in the sun.

There are various sorts of "sun allergies," but one of the most frequent is polymorphous light eruption (PMLE), an autoimmune disorder in the skin that occurs after sun exposure. Solar urticaria (hives and reddish patches that commonly appear 30 minutes to two hours after sun exposure), actinic prurigo (papules and nodules that are very itchy on sun-exposed skin areas), and photoallergic reaction are also called sun allergies (when the UV rays from the sun modify the chemical structure of medications or products applied to the skin, and a person develops an allergy to the newly modified substance).

What factors contribute to PMLE?

People with PMLE have immune cells that are activated by sun rays and assault their skin, causing a skin reaction to the sun's ultraviolet (UV) radiation.

PMLE accounts for 70% of all sun-induced skin eruptions. It can affect both sexes and all skin types, and it commonly begins in adolescence or young adulthood. PMLE could be a hereditary disorder. Other risk factors include being a female, having pale skin, and residing in the north.

PMLE is more prevalent in young women living in temperate areas. People in temperate climates spend the entire winter out of the sun, so when the weather warms up, the sun exposure is intense. People who live in warmer climates are desensitized since they are exposed to more sunlight all year.

What does PMLE look like?

PMLE can appear several hours or days after the first significant sunshine exposure of the season, which is common in the spring or early summer. The sections of the body most commonly affected are those that are covered in the winter but not in the summer: the neck, chest, and outer parts of the arms.

People with PMLE commonly notice reddish areas on their skin after being exposed to the sun. These lesions may itch, burn, or sting, but they rarely leave a scar. In more severe cases, the patches cover the majority of the body and may be accompanied by headaches, fevers, fatigue, and low blood pressure. (If you encounter these symptoms, seek an assessment from an urgent care provider.) A dermatologist is the best expert to evaluate and treat your skin issue if you suspect you have PMLE or any sun allergy.

Does PMLE improve over time?

PMLE lesions typically heal in 10 days, and it is critical to limit sun exposure until you are recovered. During the spring and summer months, those who develop PMLE might feel substantial discomfort and have their lives negatively impacted. However, repeated sun exposure can reduce the likelihood of PMLE occurring. The skin lesions that develop after the initial episode are referred to as having a "hardening effect," which makes them less severe and more tolerable during subsequent episodes.

According to research published on March 28, 2021, in Geophysical Research Letters, long, hot summers are becoming longer and hotter, and this trend may continue as a result of global warming. Autumns, winters, and springs have gotten shorter over the last 60 years, while summers have grown by nearly 20 days. Among the many concerns, this raises is an increased risk of heat-related health problems, particularly as we age.

Photo by Jaime Reimer: https://www.pexels.com/photo/two-person-walking-on-unpaved-road-2679814/

Heat and aging
Maintaining a core (internal) body temperature is critical to your ability to function. "In a hot environment, your body temperature rises. Sweating and carrying blood away from the core of the body to the skin surface, where heat leaves the body, are two ways your body releases heat. However, as you get older, these functions become less effective. Heat can accumulate, putting organs at risk of serious damage "Dr. Kalpana Shankar, director of Geriatric Emergency Medicine at the Harvard-affiliated Brigham and Women's Hospital, concurs.

Even when you can't see it, you're releasing fluid as well as heat — not just through sweating, but also through your breath and evaporation through your skin. You can become dehydrated in a hot environment due to the constant need to release body heat. Meanwhile, we're already prone to dehydration as we get older. "Your fluid intake may be low due to a decreased sensation of thirst and hunger," explains Dr Shankar. "Some medications, such as diuretics, also promote fluid loss."

However, the body requires fluid in order to continue releasing heat and lowering your core temperature. As a result, the cycle continues, causing heat to build up quickly inside you.

No content on this site, regardless of date, should be used to replace direct medical advice from your doctor or another trained practitioner.
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