Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae or gonococcus gonorrhoea. It was previously referred to as "the clap."
How gonorrhoea is transmitted?
The germs that cause gonorrhoea are most frequently detected in penile discharge and vaginal fluid.
Gonorrhoea is easily transmitted between humans via the following routes:
Vaginal, oral, or anal intercourse that is not protected
Exchanging vibrators or other sex devices that have not been thoroughly cleaned or wrapped with a fresh condom after each usage
The bacteria can infect the womb's entrance (cervix), the tube that excretes urine from the body (urethra), the rectum, and, less frequently, the throat or eyes.
Additionally, the illness can be transmitted from a pregnant mother to her unborn child. If you're pregnant and suspect you may have gonorrhoea, it's critical to get tested and treated before giving birth.
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by Treponema pallidum bacterium. Syphilis begins with an open sore (ulcer) that releases fluid containing syphilis germs. Contact with this ulcer or other infectious sores that develop later in the disease, generally during vaginal, oral, or anal intercourse, can spread syphilis. Syphilis, if left untreated, progresses through a succession of stages that affect various areas of the body, but some stages overlap:
Syphilis creates a painless ulcer called a chancre in the vaginal region, where the syphilis germs enter the body. This stage lasts between ten to ninety days (on average three weeks) after a person is exposed to someone who has syphilis. Without therapy, the sore resolves in around four to eight weeks.
Secondary syphilis – The syphilis germs spread throughout the body at this stage. This frequently results in a rash covering the majority of the body, as well as fever, aches and pains, and other symptoms. This stage lasts six to eight weeks after a person is introduced to syphilis.
Latent syphilis – This stage begins after the secondary stage has ended. Despite the absence of symptoms, the individual remains sick. This period can span several years, if not the entirety of an individual's life. Approximately one-third of latent syphilis patients develop tertiary syphilis.
Tertiary syphilis — At this stage, syphilis germs may severely harm numerous internal organs, including the brain and spinal cord. It often manifests within ten years of infection and can be fatal.
Pregnant mothers who have syphilis can transmit the bacteria to their infants, resulting in congenital syphilis. Syphilis congenital causes a range of skin and organ issues in babies and is often fatal. Pregnant women with syphilis also have a roughly 40% chance of having a stillborn baby.
What is chlamydia?
How can I determine if I have to take an STD test? Discover More
Chlamydia is an infection that is transmitted sexually and infects both men and women. It can harm a woman's reproductive system permanently and dangerously. Her inability to get pregnant in the future will be because of this. Chlamydia may induce a dangerous ectopic pregnancy, which is deadly in many cases (pregnancy that occurs outside the womb).
How is chlamydia transmitted?
Chlamydia can be transmitted by intercourse of the oral, anal, or vaginal kind with someone who already has it.
Even if your sex partner does not ejaculate, you might still catch chlamydia.
You can develop chlamydia again even if you've had it before and been treated. Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease transmitted after the occurrence of unprotected intercourse with someone who is also infected. Chlamydia can be transmitted to a baby during delivery if the mother is infected.