MÉLÒDÝ JACÒB: Monkeypox

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Although there have been few cases of monkeypox in children, it is helpful to recognise the warning signs and understand how this virus spreads.



As if worrying about COVID wasn't enough, parents are now hearing about monkeypox and wondering if they should also be concerned. Despite the fact that almost all cases of monkeypox have occurred in adults, parents should be aware of the disease's symptoms and what they can do to protect their children.

What is monkeypox?

Monkeypox is a virus belonging to the same family as smallpox and chicken pox. Its name comes from the fact that it was first observed in monkeys, but it can infect other mammals, including humans. It is essential to remember that the illness is typically mild.

What are the symptoms of monkeypox?

The incubation period, which is the time between exposure and the onset of illness, ranges from three to seventeen days. During this time, individuals feel good. Early signs of illness include flu-like symptoms such as fever, chills, body aches, swollen lymph nodes, or mild cold symptoms. During this time, the illness could not be recognised as monkeypox because its symptoms are the same as those of many other viruses.


The rash appears within one to four days. It begins as a red mark, then develops into a bump that becomes fluid-filled, pus-filled, and scabbed before disappearing. The duration of the illness is two to four weeks. A person with monkey pox is contagious not only until the scabs have fallen off, but also until a new layer of skin has formed underneath them.

The WHO has declared monkeypox an emergency.

Due to a rise in cases, the World Health Organization (WHO) has said that monkeypox is a "global health emergency."

Despite the WHO's emergency committee failing to come to an agreement on Saturday, Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus decided to make the proclamation.

When a worldwide emergency is declared, it signifies that the monkeypox outbreak is an "exceptional event" that may spread to other nations and necessitates a coordinated international response.

What is monkeypox and what symptoms might it cause?

The WHO has already declared emergencies for public health disasters like the COVID pandemic, the West African Ebola outbreak in 2014, the Zika virus in Latin America in 2016, and the ongoing fight to eradicate polio.

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention say that since May, more than 16,000 people in 74 countries have been diagnosed with monkeypox.

The news on Saturday would make people spend more money on treating diseases and make it harder to get scarce vaccines.

As 71 percent of cases are reported in London, monkeypox is a "deep worry."

Monkeypox has only been linked to deaths in Africa, mostly in Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where a more dangerous strain of the virus is spreading.

It is rare to contract monkeypox. The latest incidences elsewhere in the world are unique because they are often carried by wild animals in places like the west or central Africa

Monkeypox is spreading among individuals who have no connections to animals or recent travel to Africa in Europe, North America, and other places.

Dr. Rosamund Lewis, the top specialist on monkeypox for the WHO, stated last week that men made up 99 per cent of all instances of monkeypox outside of Africa and that 98 percent of those cases were men who had sex with men.

Experts think that the outbreaks in Europe and North America were caused by sexual contact at two raves in Belgium and Spain.

Handout image issued by the UK Health Security Agency of the stages of Monkeypox.Credit: UKHSA/PA


What are the symptoms of monkeypox?

It usually takes between five and 21 days for the first symptoms of the infection to appear.

The first symptoms of monkeypox include:

a high temperature

a headache

muscle aches

backache

swollen glands

shivering (chills)

exhaustion

A rash, which often begins on the face before spreading, usually appears one to five days after the first symptoms.

The rash, sometimes confused with chickenpox, starts as raised spots before becoming small fluid-filled blisters. The blisters eventually form scabs and later fall off.

Symptoms usually clear up in two to four weeks.

You've likely heard by now that a global outbreak of monkeypox is now underway. Cases are widespread, including in the United States, Canada, Europe, and Australia. It is the greatest monkeypox outbreak ever documented outside of western and central Africa, where the disease is prevalent.

Controlling an outbreak, however, requires preventative measures such as avoiding direct contact with infected individuals and vaccination. Historically, ring vaccination has been an effective approach for limiting smallpox and Ebola outbreaks. It may also be effective for monkeypox.



How can we contain monkeypox?


According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the World Health Organization, it is unlikely that monkeypox will develop into a pandemic. Currently, the threat to the general population is low. The focus is on detecting potential cases and quickly containing the outbreak.

Three crucial measures can help end this epidemic:

Recognize early symptoms.
Typical early symptoms include fever, tiredness, headache, and lymph node enlargement. 
A few days later, a rash develops, evolving from little flat patches to blisters resembling chickenpox, then to bigger pus-filled blisters. 

Typically, the rash begins on the face before spreading to the palms, arms, legs, and other regions of the body. If monkeypox is transmitted by sexual contact, the rash may initially appear on or near the genitalia.

Take measures to prevent the spread. 
The transmission of monkeypox occurs by respiratory droplets or through contact with fluid from open sores.
If you have been diagnosed with or fear you may have monkeypox, you should avoid close contact with others. 
Once the sores have crusted over, the diseased individual is no longer contagious. 

The basic infection control equipment for health care workers and other caregivers should include gloves and a mask.

As a result, scientists believe that sexual contact spreads the virus. Therefore, specialists recommend abstinence when suspected or confirmed monkeypox is present. 

Monkey pox

Here we are, well into year three of the COVID-19 pandemic, and now we’re seeing an outbreak of monkeypox? Is this a new virus? How worried should we be? While more facts will continue to come in, here are answers to numerous prevalent questions.


What is monkeypox?


Monkeypox is an infection caused by a virus in the same family as smallpox. It causes a comparable (though typically less severe) disease and is most widespread in central and western Africa. It was first detected in studied monkeys more than half a century ago. Certain squirrels and rats found in Africa are among other species that host this virus.



Currently, an outbreak is spreading swiftly outside of Africa. The virus has been reported in at least a dozen countries, including the US, Canada, Israel, and across Europe. As of the time of writing, Reuters has reported more than one hundred confirmed or suspected cases, making this the largest known outbreak outside of Africa. There have been no recorded deaths thus far.

Naturally, news of an unusual virus spreading rapidly across the globe brings to mind the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. But monkeypox was discovered for the first time in 1958, and several things about it suggest that it is likely to be much less dangerous.


What symptoms does monkeypox cause?


The earliest signs of monkeypox are influenza-like and include fever and sore throat. Fever, tiredness, headache, lymph nodes that are swollen.

A few days later, a distinctive rash develops. It frequently begins on the face and spreads to the palms, arms, legs, and other body regions. Recent incidences have shown vaginal rashes. Over the course of two weeks, the rash progresses from small, flat spots to blisters (vesicles) resembling chickenpox, and finally to bigger, pus-filled blisters. These wounds can take weeks to scab over. Once this occurs, a person is no longer infectious.

Even though the illness is usually mild, it can lead to complications like pneumonia, blindness from an eye infection, and sepsis, an infection that could kill you.

  


How does one contract monkeypox?


This disease typically affects people who have had contact with diseased animals. It may result from a bite, scratch, or consumption of raw animal meat.


The virus can spread among humans in three ways:

Inhaling respiratory droplets directly touching an infected person less frequently, as through handling an infected person's clothing.
 
The respiratory pathway is characterized by large droplets that do not linger or go far. Consequently, transmission from person to person often needs prolonged, intimate contact.

Disclaimer:

No content on this site, regardless of date, should be used to replace direct medical advice from your doctor or another trained practitioner.
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