The critical issue lies in the type of fat and its location. While subcutaneous fat under the skin might not pose significant health risks, visceral fat, stored around vital organs within the abdominal cavity, can elevate heart disease risk factors such as blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol levels. Waist measurement is a practical way to gauge visceral fat, with a waistline of a certain measurement signaling excess visceral fat.
To measure visceral fat, a tape measure can be placed at a specific point, pulled around without compressing the area. Monitoring changes in pants tightness can also serve as an indicator of gaining visceral fat.
Combatting unseen fat involves a combination of aerobic exercise, strength training, and a healthy diet. Recommendations include a certain duration of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise two or three days a week, coupled with weekly sessions of weight or resistance training to build muscle mass. High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is highlighted for its effectiveness, involving periods of intense activity followed by slower-paced intervals.
In addition to maintaining a healthy, plant-based diet, ensuring an adequate daily intake of protein is crucial for building muscle mass. A certain suggested amount of protein per kilogram of body weight is mentioned, with sources like fish, poultry, beans, and yogurt. Protein powder can also be incorporated into various foods and beverages for added convenience.