According to a study that looked at the eating patterns of over 138,000 people throughout the world, a diet high in glycemic index (GI) items can raise your risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality.
The GI scale, which ranges from zero to 100, assesses the number of carbohydrates in meals. The greater the number, the more quickly carbs are broken down. When you eat high-GI meals, your blood sugar levels increase quickly, causing the pancreas to release more insulin, and then drop quickly. Cravings and overeating may result as a result of this. Frequent repetition of this cycle may result in weight gain and insulin resistance, both of which are related to type 2 diabetes and increased cardiovascular risk.
Researchers gathered information on the meals the participants in the research consumed, how much they consumed, and how often they consumed them. They divided the meals into seven groups and assigned a GI score to each one.
The research discovered that those who ate high-GI diets had more heart attacks, strokes, and mortality than those who ate lower-GI diets nine years later. This was true whether or not the participants had heart disease at the outset of the research. The New England Journal of Medicine published the findings online on April 8, 2021.
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